The Ministry of Defense announced the evacuation of residents of eastern Ukraine under shelling

Russian military personnel continue to evacuate civilians from the Kharkiv region to Russian territory under incessant shelling from the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported.

“Russian military personnel, under continuing rocket attacks from the side controlled by the Ukrainian regime, conduct house-to-house visits of residents who have previously expressed a desire to leave for Russia. Servicemen of the RF Armed Forces evacuated more than 60 refugees from the Kharkov region to the territory of the Belgorod region. Among them are mainly elderly people, women and children,— said in the message.

The military department clarified that the evacuees are being delivered to the complex assistance and registration point in the Belgorod region, where they are given all the necessary documents and help with further accommodation.

“Also, Russian servicemen helped evacuate a pet kennel from a suburb of Kharkov. About 30 dogs of the American Akita breed, as well as cats of various breeds, were saved from starvation by the forces of the military personnel of the RF Armed Forces. In the future, all animals will be distributed between nurseries in the Belgorod region,»,— added to the Ministry of Defense.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

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Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. The Ministry of Defense has repeatedly said that strikes are inflicted only on military infrastructure. The Ukrainian authorities declared martial law in the country and declared general mobilization.

According to the Ministry of Defense, as of May 21, in total, since the beginning of the special military operation, Russian troops have destroyed 174 aircraft, 125 helicopters, 966 drones, 315 anti-aircraft missile systems, more than 3,000 tanks and other armored combat vehicles, 402 multiple rocket launchers, more than 1,600 field artillery pieces and mortars, as well as more than 3,000 units of special military vehicles.

Under Today, the Kherson region, most of the Zaporozhye, Luhansk and Donetsk regions, as well as several settlements in the Kharkov region are under the control of the Russian military and the forces of the people's militia of the LPR and DPR.

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Biden gave Kim Jong-un a one-word message

US President Joe Biden gave North Korean leader Kim Jong-un a one-word message He later added that the US is ready for anything North Korea can do, including a possible nuclear test

U.S. President Joe Biden greeted North Korean leader Kim Jong-un with a single word when asked by reporters if he wanted to convey to the DPRK leader .

“Hello. And a dot (Hello. Period.— РБК)»,— Biden said. This question was asked to the American leader during his trip to South Korea as part of an Asian tour.

Biden was also asked if he was worried about the actions that the DPRK might take during his tour, including a possible nuclear test. “We are ready for everything that North Korea does. We have thought out our response to whatever they do. So I'm not concerned, if that's what you mean,” — he said.

The fact that the DPRK authorities may conduct nuclear tests during Joe Biden's visit to South Korea was previously reported by US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan. He told reporters about this with reference to American intelligence data.

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“Our intelligence indicates the real possibility of conducting missile tests, including long-range missile tests, or nuclear tests, or, frankly, both, before, during, or after the president’s trip to the region,” Sullivan said, noting that Washington is preparing for all contingencies.

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Later, information about the preparation of the DPRK for the seventh nuclear test was confirmed by the special services of South Korea.

Biden's working trip to Japan and South Korea will take place from May 20 to 24, reported CNN, citing a White House statement. In South Korea, the American president will meet with the newly elected president of the country, Yun Seok-yeol. In Tokyo, he will hold talks with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, and is also going to meet with representatives of Japan, Australia and India as part of the Quad Dialogue (Quadrupartite Security Dialogue). In the White House, the main purpose of the visits was called “further deepening of ties between governments, economies and peoples.”

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Tages Anzeiger learned about the lifting of sanctions by Switzerland from EuroChem

According to the newspaper, the Swiss authorities decided to lift sanctions from EuroChem after Andrey Melnichenko left the directors of the company

The Swiss government lifted sanctions from the Russian company Eurochem after Andrey Melnichenko ceased to be its beneficiary and left the board of directors. This was reported by the newspaper Tages Anzeiger with reference to a letter from the deputy head of the sanctions department of the State Secretariat for Economics (SECO) of the Swiss Confederation.

According to him, the new beneficiary of Eurochem became Alexandra Melnichenko— entrepreneur's wife. Thus, the letter says, SECO has no evidence that the company is “owned or controlled by a person who is under sanctions.” Also, thanks to this confirmation, the banks again unblocked the accounts of EuroChem, the newspaper writes.

EvroChem— one of the world's leading producers of nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers. The company's activities include mining, as well as the production, logistics and distribution of fertilizers. The company employs over 26,000 people worldwide.

Melnichenko was placed on the EU sanctions list on March 9 along with 13 other Russian businessmen. The European Union explained that they included in the list those businessmen who “provide support and benefit from the government of the Russian Federation or provide it with a significant source of income.”

The sanctions provide for the freezing of assets of European jurisdiction and a ban on entry into the EU countries, with the exception of entry in cases of acute humanitarian need or to participate in intergovernmental meetings, the purposes of which are similar to those of the sanctions. Switzerland March 16 “copied” EU sanctions against Russia.

The very next day after the publication of the EU sanctions list— March 10— Melnichenko left the board of directors of the Siberian Coal Energy Company (SUEK) and ceased to be the beneficiary of 92.2% of its shares. “After Melnichenko left the board of directors and the number of SUEK beneficiaries, the share he controlled was reduced to 0%,” — told the company. On the same day, the businessman left the board of directors of the world's leading fertilizer producer EuroChem Group (the parent company of EuroChem) and ceased to be its beneficiary.

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According to Reuters, Russia accounts for 13% of world fertilizer production. The country produces potash, phosphorus and nitrogen-containing fertilizers— the main nutrients of agricultural crops and soil.

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The permanent representative of the Crimea said about the “unviability” of Ukraine

Permanent representative of Crimea Muradov: Ukraine will not remain within the former borders, the rights of Russians have been violated Ukraine will not remain in the same format, permanent representative of Crimea is sure. According to him, federalization and observance of the rights of different nationalities could help the country, but Kyiv did not do this and “grossly violated” them

Georgy Muradov

Ukraine could remain “in the form in which it was” subject to federalization and full observance of the linguistic, cultural, educational and other rights of national communities, however, they were violated, RIA Novosti said. Georgy Muradov, Permanent Representative of Crimea to the President of Russia, Deputy Prime Minister of the Crimean Government.

“This was especially true for the rights of the state-forming Russian people, whose linguistic rights are enshrined in Article 10 of the Ukrainian Constitution. However, these principles were grossly violated, and the Ukrainian state became unviable,— emphasized the permanent representative.

Muradov also expressed confidence that Ukraine would not remain “in the form in which it was.” According to him, “this is already the former Ukraine.”

In early May, Muradov considered it inevitable that the southern regions of Ukraine, which are controlled by Moscow, would become part of Russia. In his opinion, for eight years their inhabitants were in conditions of “repression and bullying,” and joining Russia would be a manifestation of the “will of the people themselves.” The Permanent Representative of Crimea also claimed that the southern territories of Ukraine were “donated”, historically they belonged to Russia, and military-civilian administrations are already starting to work in them, Russian TV channels are operating, schools are taught according to Russian textbooks.

At the same time, Muradov called it premature to hold referendums on joining Russia in the regions in southern Ukraine before the complete cessation of hostilities. He pointed out that “other political decisions”, including temporary ones, could be made that would open up “allied opportunities” with Moscow.

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In mid-February, about “forced assimilation” Russians in Ukraine, said the Russian ambassador to the United States, Anatoly Antonov. He expressed confidence that this activity is taking place with the military and political support of the United States. According to the diplomat, the key goal of the US authorities was to “push back” Moscow as far east as possible.

In November 2020, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the people of Donbass in Russian to assure Kyiv of its efforts to end the conflict in the east of the country. “You see everything yourself: Ukraine is open to you in every sense of the word,” — he emphasized. Later, in early August last year, the President of Ukraine called for those people who consider “we go to Russia”, “our cause is just” to leave the country. “If you love Russia and have been on the territory of Ukraine all your life and felt that this is Russia, then you must understand that for the sake of your children and grandchildren you already need to go and look for a place in Russia. That's right, — said Zelensky.

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The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a “theater of war” because of NATO

The Arctic may become an international theater of war due to the increased military presence of different states, the Foreign Ministry warns. The Ministry believes that the aspiration of Sweden and Finland to join NATO worsens the situation u003d “The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a” theater of war “because of NATO” />

The desire of Finland and Sweden to join NATO is a manifestation of a trend towards increased military activity in the Arctic and “high latitudes” , said “RIA Novosti” Ambassador-at-Large of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chairman of the Committee of Senior Officials of the Arctic Council Nikolai Korchunov.

“This is, of course, a very disturbing trend.” transformation of the Arctic region into an international theater of military operations. We can't help but worry, — said the diplomat.

Korchunov also pointed to the “internationalization of military activities.” In his opinion, the previous policy of Helsinki and Stockholm in the issue of not joining military alliances formed a solid foundation for stability and peace in the region, but a possible accession to NATO is unlikely to have the same effect.

Five countries have direct access to the Arctic Ocean: Russia, the USA, Norway, Canada, Denmark and the USA. At the same time, Finland, Sweden and Iceland do not have oceanic borders with the Arctic, but they position themselves as subarctic states. According to the US Geological Survey, about 22% of the world's undiscovered hydrocarbon resources are located in the Arctic: these are oil, gas and gas condensate. In addition, there is uranium, gold, diamonds and rare earth metals.

According to the strategy for the development of the Arctic until 2035, approved by President Vladimir Putin in 2020, Russian troops stationed in the Arctic zone must be equipped with modern weapons and equipment. The document also talks about the need to improve the infrastructure. In December of the same year, the president announced that Russia would “grow” in the coming decades. Arctic and territories of the North, he pointed out that these are “obvious” events.

The Foreign Ministry in mid-April saw the risk of “unintentional incidents” in the Arctic. Korchunov pointed to the Cold Response 2022 military exercises that took place in March & April in Norway. 30 thousand people from 27 states took part in them, including & mdash; from Finland and Sweden, which have the status of an alliance partner.

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Finland and Sweden announced their desire to join NATO after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. At the end of February, for the first time, the majority of surveyed Finns (53%) supported the initiative of joining the country to the alliance, Yle reported, while in 2017 22% of respondents approved of this idea, and in January 2022— only 30%. «Russia— not the neighbor we thought she was,— said Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin in early April.

Sweden and Finland applied to NATO in mid-May, but Turkish authorities warned they would block their accession as Helsinki and Stockholm imposed sanctions on the country and refused to extradite PKK members to Ankara. (RPK). It is considered terrorist in Turkey. Turkish President Recep Erdogan said that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate their readiness to cooperate on the PKK issue.

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Putin, in a conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö, called the decision of the country's authorities a “mistake” and assured that Moscow did not pose a threat to Helsinki. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev warned that Russia would have to increase the grouping of armed forces in the Gulf of Finland and noted that “there will no longer be any talk of a non-nuclear status of the Baltic” the balance must be restored».

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Russian Defense Ministry announced 11 downed Ukrainian drones

The Russian Defense Ministry announced the defeat of 47 command posts and 11 UAVs in Ukraine 3,198 Ukrainian tanks and armored vehicles were destroyed in almost three months of the special operation, according to the department *

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Russian artillery and missile troops have destroyed 41 command posts of the Ukrainian forces over the past day, army aviation and high-precision missiles have eliminated three more points each, the Defense Ministry said during a regular briefing. Rocket troops and artillery attacked the Bukovel electronic warfare station. in the Mykolaiv region.

Over a day, air-launched missiles hit three command posts, 13 areas of concentration of manpower and Ukrainian military equipment, as well as four ammunition depots in the areas of the settlements of Soledar, Sol of the Donetsk People's Republic and Nyrkovo of the Luhansk People's Republic.

“In the areas of the settlements of Kamenka and Bukino, Kharkiv region, two Ukrainian rockets of the Smerch multiple launch rocket system were intercepted, — The report said.

Aviation also destroyed an ammunition depot near the village of Krasny Liman and 26 areas of accumulation of personnel and military equipment of the Ukrainian forces, more than 210 people were killed, 38 pieces of equipment were disabled, according to the ministry.

In addition, artillery and rocket strikes hit 583 areas of accumulation of personnel and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and 76 mortar and artillery units, including— three batteries of the Grad multiple launch rocket system (MLRS). During the day, 11 Ukrainian drones were shot down in the Kharkiv and Kherson regions of Ukraine, as well as in the territories controlled by the Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics.

The Russian military operation began on the night of February 24. President Vladimir Putin explained his decision by the desire to carry out the demilitarization and “denazification” of neighboring state, claiming that the official authorities of the country pursued a policy of “genocide”; civilians. He assured that Russia's plans do not include the occupation of the territory of Ukraine.

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The Ministry of Defense insists that strikes are inflicted only on the military infrastructure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. In the nearly three months since the outbreak of hostilities, Russian forces have destroyed in Ukraine 3,198 tanks and other armored vehicles, 1,622 mortars and field artillery pieces, 125 helicopters, 174 aircraft, 408 MLRS, 317 anti-aircraft systems and over 3,000 vehicles. equipment.

Ukraine has declared mobilization, declared martial law and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

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Monkeypox infection. How dangerous is it, and is there a vaccine

In May 2022, the monkeypox virus began to spread around the world, which usually does not go beyond endemic countries. How the virus is transmitted, what its characteristic symptoms are, and whether there is a vaccine against it – RBC understood

Where the monkeypox virus was found

In Europe, the first case of monkeypox infection was detected in the UK on 7 May. The infected person recently returned from Nigeria, which is characterized by the spread of this virus. It is the countries of West and Central Africa— breeding grounds for this virus. The virus was discovered in 1958, and was first detected in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

By May 20, there were already 20 cases in the UK. After the UK, the virus was found in Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Germany, France, Belgium and other countries. The virus has also been detected in patients in the United States, Australia, Canada, where examinations are carried out in 13 people who are presumably infected.

Some of the cases identified in the UK were not directly related to travel to Africa, meaning that the virus was already transmitted within the country. The Ministry of Health notes that a significant proportion of the identified cases were among gay and bisexual men, because of this, the ministry calls on this part of society to be especially on the alert. Until now, it was not believed that the virus was transmitted sexually, the department draws attention. The virus is transmitted through close contact with the sick person, as well as through contact with the clothes or bedding of an infected person, the materials indicate. “The virus does not usually spread easily between people. Population risk remains low,— government release says.

Outbreaks in Africa

In May 2018, an outbreak was in Cameroon— one confirmed case, another 15 suspected, no one died.

Nigeria— from September to December 2017— 172 suspected cases, 61 confirmed, no death reported.

Central African Republic— September—October 2016, there were 26 suspected cases, three confirmed, one person died.

Source: African Union data.

By May 21, WHO had confirmed 92 cases of monkeypox from 12 non-endemic countries. The organization further clarified that the confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox were not associated with the travel of infected people to endemic areas, which is a “highly unusual event.” The cases now identified are of the West African variant of monkeypox— they are similar to what was recorded in the UK, Israel and Singapore in 2018-2019, the WHO reported.

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How the virus is transmitted

The so-called natural reservoir of the virus are monkeys and some rodents (African squirrels, prairie dogs), from which the virus can be transmitted to humans. Experts interviewed by RBC note that outbreaks of monkeypox have happened before, they occurred mainly in endemic countries, but cases of importation to Europe were also known and occurred annually.

The type of transmission of the virus is similar to the type of transmission of smallpox— close contact of a person with a person, you can also become infected by contact with human body fluids, by contact with secretions from the patient's pustules and by interacting with his personal belongings. Due to the fact that transmission requires close contact, Konstantin Severinov, head of the laboratory at the Institute of Molecular Genetics and the Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, explains to RBC, the rate of spread of this infection is much lower than with coronavirus, which is transmitted by airborne droplets.

The possibility of airborne transmission is now being discussed, but to date it is not known how effectively it is being implemented, says the director of the Institute of Medical Parasitology, Tropical and Vector-borne Diseases. E.I.Martsinovsky Sechenov University Alexander Lukashev.

Experts note that monkeypox, like other infectious diseases, has an incubation period. Identified 92 cases— this is the result of an infection about a week ago, so it can be argued that there are others infected, and expect an increase in the number of cases, regardless of the efforts of doctors, warns Lukashev.

The fact that there are more gay and bisexual males among monkeys with smallpox than statistically expected may be due to the fact that sexual contacts of people from this group are more traumatic and often lead to damage to the mucous membranes and skin, due to which the virus is transmitted. says Severinov. According to him, this may simply be an accident, since there are not so many infected yet. “In heterosexual intercourse, the same thing will happen if there are cracks or damage to the outer integument and mucous membranes,” — the expert explains. The WHO also notes that the identified cases are mainly, but not exclusively, recorded among men who have sex with men.

Will monkeypox appear in Russia

The official health departments, the Ministry of Health and Rospotrebnadzor, said on May 22 that there were no cases of monkeypox in Russia. Rospotrebnadzor considered the risk of importation “extremely low”.

Despite the fact that experts interviewed by RBC consider the risk of importation of the virus unlikely, Alexander Lukashev notes that monkeypox can spread among various ethnic groups.

< p>Among the measures to be taken to minimize the risk of a wide spread of the disease in Russia, the Deputy General Director for Research at the Center. Chumakov Ilya Gordeychuk calls: PCR diagnostics, isolation of infected and contact persons— at the health system level. On an individual level— careful monitoring of flu-like respiratory symptoms in yourself and others, wearing masks and cleaning hands with disinfectants.

How the disease progresses

The initial symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and fatigue. A rash may develop, often beginning on the face, then spreading to other parts of the body, including the genitals. The rash changes and goes through different stages and may look like the varicella or syphilis rash before finally forming a scab that later falls off, UK Department of Health describes symptoms.

According to WHO, the incubation period ranges from six to 13 days, but can be from five to 21. Two periods can be distinguished during the course of the disease. The first lasts up to five days and is characterized by fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes, back pain, myalgia, and fatigue. Abnormal sizes of lymph nodes— a characteristic sign of this particular type of smallpox, with chickenpox, measles and smallpox this is not. After one to three days after the onset of the heat, rashes begin on the skin.

The rash tends to be more concentrated on the face and limbs than on the trunk. The rash develops in succession from macules (lesions with a flat base) to papules (slightly raised firm lesions), vesicles (clear fluid-filled lesions), pustules (yellowish fluid-filled lesions), and crusts that dry up and fall off. The number of lesions ranges from several tens to several thousand. In severe cases, lesions may coalesce until large areas of skin are shed.

Monkeypox, the WHO continues, usually— self-limiting disease with symptoms lasting two to four weeks. Severe cases are more common among children and are related to the degree of exposure to the virus, the health of the patient, and the nature of the complications. The case fatality rate for monkeypox has historically ranged from 0% to 11% in the general population and has been higher among young children. Recently, the fatality rate has been around 3–6%.

With damage to the cornea, loss of vision is possible, added in a conversation with RBC, the chief researcher of the Center. N.F. Gamalei Viktor Zuev, who took part in the suppression of an outbreak of smallpox in Moscow in the 1960s.

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox

While smallpox vaccination was a protection in the past, today people younger than 40-50 years old (depending on the country) may be more susceptible to monkeypox due to for ending smallpox vaccination campaigns around the world after the eradication of the disease, says WHO.

“I started working on monkeypox in 2002 in the DRC. Now, 20 years later, the vast majority of people in the world do not have immunity to smallpox viruses, — noted in an interview with The Telegraph Anne Rimouin, professor of epidemiology at the University of California at Los Angeles. She estimates that as the world becomes more susceptible to poxviruses (smallpox viruses) and as travel increases, the number of cases could increase.

The smallpox vaccine also works against monkeypox, Vector said earlier, as all poxviruses provide good cross-protection. “The two viruses are similar, so the immune response generated by the smallpox vaccine is effective against monkeypox,” confirms RBC Gordeychuk.

Also in Vector; spoke about their own previously developed test system, which allows to detect cases of monkeypox infection. According to the center's experts, the test is specific and does not detect cross-reactions with rubella and chickenpox viruses.

The experts with whom RBC spoke explained that in the Vector center contains a strain of smallpox, but it is not needed to create the smallpox vaccine itself. “A vaccinia virus is used, similar to the vaccinia virus, which the physician Edward Jenner used to vaccinate back in the 18th century. The same vaccine can protect against monkeypox, & mdash; says Severinov.

Such a vaccine, if necessary, can be quickly developed, since the technology is not new. Experts confirm that there is no independent vaccine against monkeypox in the world.

Vaccination against smallpox was carried out in the USSR. Will the vaccinated be protected now

In 1979, the World Health Assembly issued a declaration declaring the world's victory over smallpox. In the USSR, vaccination was carried out until about 1982, after which it stopped. The smallpox vaccine is expected to provide protection against monkeypox, Lukashev says. “Perhaps, the inhabitants of Russia, vaccinated before the 80s, will be partially protected when they meet with monkeypox, but we do not know how effective their immunity is, because more than 40 years have passed after vaccination,” — he says. Chief Researcher at the Center N.F. Gamalei Viktor Zuev doubts that the vaccinated still have protection.

The smallpox vaccine gave sterile immunity, that is, the vaccinated person ceased to be a source of new viruses, and vaccination gave lifelong immunity, Konstantin Severinov believes. “Since young children were vaccinated, it can be assumed that almost everyone born before the 80s will be resistant to monkeypox,” — explains the expert.

Nevertheless, one cannot speak of significant herd immunity, since the vast majority of people under 40 years of age have not been vaccinated against smallpox, Gordeychuk summarizes.

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German Finance Ministry warned against confiscation of assets of Russians for Ukraine

Russian businessmen should themselves contribute to the reconstruction of Ukraine, in the matter of the forced seizure of their assets, one must remember the rule of law, Lindner said.

Christian Lindner

The issue of confiscation of the assets of Russians who fell under international sanctions in favor of Ukraine is subject to discussion, the difficulties associated with this are too serious, but Germany is open to proposals for the seizure of Russian state assets. This was stated by German Finance Minister Christian Lindner in an interview with The Financial Times.

Russian entrepreneurs should be persuaded to voluntarily “contribute to the payment of reparations to Ukraine”, he is sure. Linder emphasized: “Countries based on the rule of law guarantee the inviolability of private property.”

“There needs to be a political discussion about this <…> I would like to take part in it»,— summed up the head of the German Ministry of Finance.

At the beginning of the week, on May 17, Linder said that he was “politically open”; the idea of ​​confiscation of foreign assets of the Central Bank of Russia. He pointed out that this topic is already being discussed among the countries of the European Union and the G7. At the same time, the minister noted that even in the case of Russian oligarchs, one should remember the rule of law and carefully study the legislation on the issue of confiscation of private assets.

The European Union intends on May 30 to decide on the formation of a fund for the reconstruction of UkraineRebuildUkraine, it will be created on the basis of grants and loans of an indefinite amount, modeled on the existing fund for the recovery of the EU after the coronavirus pandemic, Reuters wrote with reference to the draft conclusions of European countries.

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As indicated by the agency, the EU is studying the possibility of using frozen Russian assets as sources of financing for this project.

“The European Council welcomes the efforts made to ensure appropriate confiscation measures, including options for further study aimed at using the frozen Russian assets to support the restoration of Ukraine»,— said in the body of the document.

By early April, European countries froze the assets of the Russians €29.5 billion, including ships, helicopters, real estate and works of art, reported to the European Commission.

The Russian Ministry of Finance said that about $300 billion of the Central Bank's gold and foreign exchange reserves were frozen . This amount was about half of the regulator's total reserves.

According to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, the restoration of the country will require $600 billion. Kyiv is preparing a large-scale plan for this process, he said, but the country needs international support, which will become an analogue of the Marshall plan. At the same time, the head of the European Investment Bank (EIB), Werner Hoyer, considered that “not millions, but trillions” would have to be spent on the restoration of Ukraine. euro.

In mid-May, Politico sources reported that the European Commission was preparing a legal rule that would make it a crime to circumvent sanctions and confiscate assets frozen due to sanctions, including — Russians. The interlocutors of the newspaper indicated that the measure is aimed at harmonizing legislation, since there is a “legal confusion”; among European countries on the legality of sanctions circumvention. “The discussion about whether these funds were sent to Ukraine continues,” — said one of Politico's sources.

Later, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said that lawyers are working to find options for using blocked assets in order to restore Ukraine. “I think that Russia should also make its contribution,” — she said.

Russian authorities have criticized the arrests of the assets of Russian businessmen. “These are absolutely honest legal entrepreneurs. They were robbed. They got robbed like they did in the Wild West with a Smith & Wesson robbed travelers»,— I am sure the representative of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov. He called the possible confiscation of Russian assets “illegal, blatant”; decision, noting that Moscow would have to respond.

The US Treasury also pointed out that the confiscation of the assets of the Russian Central Bank from a legal point of view would be illegal. “Given the massive destruction in Ukraine and the massive rebuilding costs they will face, we will look to Russia to help pay at least some of the cost,” Minister Janet Yellen added at the same time.

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RIA Novosti and TASS reported that the mayor of Energodar was injured in an explosion

The explosion thundered in the entrance of the house, when Andrey Shevchik was leaving it, the Russian agencies reported .jpg” alt=””RIA Novosti” and TASS reported that the mayor of Energodar was injured in the explosion” />

Andrey Shevchik

The head of the city administration of Energodar in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine, Andriy Shevchik, was injured in the explosion, reports “RIA News» with reference to a source in emergency services.

A TASS source in local law enforcement agencies specified that, in addition to the mayor of Energodar, two of his guards were injured in the explosion. He said that the explosion occurred in the entrance of the house when Shevchik was leaving.

“A self-made directional explosive device was planted in the electrical switchboard of the entrance of the house”,— a TASS source said, adding that the head of the city had been repeatedly threatened by the Ukrainian side.

The Russian military reported that they took Energodar under control on February 28. At the same time, it was also reported that Berdyansk was taken, as well as the territory around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. Later, the Russian military took control of the Azov part of the Zaporozhye region, as a result of which Ukraine was completely cut off from the Sea of ​​Azov.

RBC sent a request to the Russian Ministry of Defense and the administration of Energodar.

Most mayors of Ukrainian cities that came under the control of Russian troops left or were replaced by more pro-Russian ones. In particular, the mayor of Energodar Dmitry Orlov refused to cooperate with the Russian military. After that, a “public council for the self-organization of the city” was created in the city. It was headed by the deputy of the City Council from the Opposition Platform for Life Andriy Shevchik, who simultaneously works as a leading engineer at the Zaporozhye NPP.

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Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24th. Russian President Vladimir Putin called its goal the demilitarization and denazification of the country.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin said that the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine should be in a friendly Russian family. He added that residents of the region will receive salaries and pensions in rubles in May.

According to Khusnullin, the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in Energodar will now work for Russia, but is ready to supply electricity to Ukraine, provided that they pay for it .

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Verkhovna Rada extended martial law in Ukraine until August 23

The bill was supported by 320 parliamentarians, and the country also decided not to cancel the general mobilization. Martial law in Ukraine was introduced on February 24

Kyiv, Ukraine

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a law on the extension of martial law throughout the country for three months, this was reported on the Telegram channel of the parliament.

“Supreme The Rada of Ukraine has extended martial law in the state for 90 days, until August 23, 2022,— said in the message.

The bill was supported by 320 people's deputies. Also, the country decided not to cancel the general mobilization.

Martial law throughout Ukraine was introduced early in the morning on February 24, immediately after the start of the Russian special operation. Announcing this decision, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky urged citizens to remain calm and stay at home. He assured the population that “the entire security and defense sector” Ukraine continues to work.


During the period of martial law, the Ukrainian authorities may declare a curfew; establish a special mode of entry and exit; restrict the freedom of movement of citizens, foreigners and stateless persons, as well as the movement of vehicles. In addition, the country may ban certain political parties or take other measures.

Zelensky proposed to grant citizens of Poland a special legal status

The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry will develop a bill similar to the Polish law on assistance to Ukrainians, which actually equates them to Polish citizens, the press secretary of the Ukrainian president explained

Volodymyr Zelensky

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky proposed to grant Poles a special legal status, UNIAN reports . The introduction of the relevant bill to the Verkhovna Rada was previously announced by the head of state, speaking in parliament, said the people's deputy from the Servant of the People faction Olga Sovgirya.

As the press secretary of the Ukrainian leader Sergei Nikiforov explained to the agency, the draft law will be developed by the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, similar to the Polish law on supporting the citizens of Ukraine.

“It is necessary to pay attention to the law that was adopted in Poland for temporarily displaced persons from Ukraine and which actually equated the citizens of Ukraine with the citizens of Poland, but without the right to vote. Accordingly, in Ukraine, at the initiative of the President, a similar law will be adopted, shall we say, — said Nikiforov.

At the end of March, Polish President Andrzej Duda signed amendments to the law on assistance to Ukrainians. Thus, citizens of Ukraine who were forced to leave the country due to hostilities will be able to legally stay in the republic for 18 months from February 24. This applies to those who are going to stay in this country. Subsequently, they will be granted a temporary residence permit. This document can be obtained once every three years. The application must be submitted no earlier than nine months from the date of entry and no later than 18 months from February 24, 2022.

In addition, it will be easier for Ukrainians to obtain a PESEL identification number, which entitles them to use public services. The law guarantees Ukrainian citizens employment on the same terms as the Poles. They will also be able to conduct business in Poland under the same conditions as its citizens by assigning a PESEL number.

Ukrainians are entitled to a one-time allowance of PLN 300 (€64.8) per person, they have access to social benefits and healthcare services.

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According to the EU external border security agency Frontex, 6.3 million refugees have moved to the EU from Ukraine and Moldova, of which more than 3.4 million people arrived in Poland.

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Security Council of Belarus reported on the actions of Ukrainian saboteurs in the country

Secretary of the Security Council of Belarus Volfovich reported on the actions of Ukrainian saboteurs in the country From Ukraine, the engineering equipment of sections of the border with Belarus is being carried out, the Armed Forces of Ukraine carry out mining, blockages, and Ukrainian saboteurs enter Belarusian territory, said Volfovich

To the territory of Belarus Ukrainian sabotage and reconnaissance groups are entering, said State Secretary of the Belarusian Security Council Alexander Volfovich on the air of the Arsenal program. on «VoenTV»— TV companies of the Ministry of Defense of the country.

According to him, now in the Rivne direction, the grouping of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is 10.5 thousand people, in the Chernihiv— 4.5 thousand, in Kiev & mdash; more than 5 thousand. Engineering equipment is also being carried out on sections of the border with Belarus.

“Mining, blockages, the operation of sabotage and reconnaissance groups, including those with entry into Belarusian territory”,— Volfovich said (quote from BelTA).

In addition, he said that over the past two years, the grouping of troops on the territory of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia has doubled and amount to 37.5 thousand people. The number of reconnaissance flights along the Belarusian border has increased— six or seven flights every day, stressed the State Secretary of the Security Council of Belarus.

Earlier, on May 10, the head of the General Staff of Belarus Viktor Gulevich said that Minsk sees a threat in the grouping of Ukrainian military in the southern direction with a total number of up to 20 thousand people. Against this background, special operations forces of Belarus were deployed in three tactical directions.

He also pointed out that seven exercises were underway on the territory of countries bordering Belarus, during which the military practiced the use of reconnaissance and sabotage forces and landing, which does not speak of their “peace-loving orientation”.

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The Ministry of Defense of Belarus announced the start of a surprise check of the troops on May 4th. Military units and subunits were supposed to be on alert and perform combat training tasks.

On May 10, Defense Minister Viktor Khrenin announced the second stage of a surprise inspection. The President of the Republic, Alexander Lukashenko, explained that the check is needed in order to “unexpectedly withdraw units in case of war.”

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The French Foreign Ministry admitted that Ukraine’s accession to the EU will take up to 20 years

Minister Delegate to the French Foreign Ministry Clement Bon: Ukraine's accession to the EU will take 15-20 years Scholz and Macron warned about the same, in Kyiv they said that the country does not need “surrogates for candidate status”

Clement Bon

The process of Ukraine's accession to the European Union may take 15 or 20 years. This was stated by Minister Delegate to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs for European Affairs Clement Bon on the air of Radio J.

“We need to be honest <…> If we say that Ukraine will join the EU in six months, a year or two years, it will not be true <…> It will probably take 15 or 20 years,” — he said, recalling that it was “a very long process.”

French President Emmanuel Macron also warned on May 9 that the process of Ukraine's accession to the EU could take several years or even decades. He proposed to create a new “European political community”, which would already include Ukraine.

The fact that the “shortcut” there is no way to join the European Union, said German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on May 19. He agreed with Macron that the process of Ukraine's accession to the EU could drag on for years.

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba, in turn, stressed that Kyiv wants to receive a full-fledged status of the country— candidate for EU membership.

According to him, some EU members adhere to “strategic uncertainty”; on this issue, which does not suit the Ukrainian side. “We don't need surrogates for EU candidate status who show second-rate attitudes towards Ukraine,” — noted Kuleba.

Read on RBC Pro Pro When the employer's generosity in bonus payments will interest the Federal Tax Service – cases Cases Pro These stocks ruined investors: the top 20 in 30 years. Enron didn't make it Predictions Pro Why freelancers won't replace companies' key employees Pro Predictions Some will even get a pay raise: short-term outlook for the labor market Pro Predictions The risk of an eternal bear market is real. In which stocks to sit out the fall Forecasts Pro Development “without interference”: what analysts said about the 2008 crisisThe head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, has previously proposed amending the EU treaties and, if necessary, abandoning the unified vote of 27 member states on key issues. She also stated that the EU supports Ukraine's desire to join the union.

Thus, eight EU countries— Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia— supported the idea of ​​accelerated accession of Ukraine to the union.

Nevertheless, Croatian Minister Andriy Plenkovic said that a quick entry of Ukraine into the European Union is impossible. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte reminded that there is no fast track process for this. Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg opposed Ukraine's accession to the EU and called for other ways to strengthen cooperation between Brussels and Kyiv.

Ukraine signed an association agreement with the EU in 2014. The refusal to sign it cost President Viktor Yanukovych power. In 2019, the country's desire to join the European Union was enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine.

At the end of February, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky signed an application for the country's entry into the Union, and in mid-April handed over the completed questionnaire to the head of the EU Delegation to Ukraine Matti Maasikasu.

Deputy Prime Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration Olha Stefanyshina admitted that Ukraine could get the status of an EU candidate by June this year.

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Ukraine withdrew from agreements on taxes with Russia and on the heroism of the peoples of the CIS

We are talking about the Agreement on perpetuating the memory of the courage and heroism of the peoples of the CIS in the Great Patriotic War (it regulated the cooperation of countries in this area) and an agreement that excludes double taxation

Ukraine denounced agreements on perpetuating the memory of the courage and heroism of the peoples of the CIS in the Great Patriotic War and on the avoidance of double taxation of income and property and the prevention of tax evasion, members of the Verkhovna Rada spoke in support of these decisions. This was announced in the Telegram channel by a member of the Ukrainian parliament from the party “Voice” Yaroslav Zheleznyak.

“The following changes were voted: <…>

  • withdrawal from the Agreement on perpetuating the memory of the courage and heroism of the peoples of the CIS in the Great Patriotic War;
  • Agreement on perpetuating the memory of the courage and heroism of the peoples of the states— participants of the CIS in the Great Patriotic War, Russia and Ukraine signed September 3, 2011 in Dushanbe. Two years later, Kyiv ratified the document. On February 23, the day before the start of the Russian special operation, the government of Ukraine approved the withdrawal from the agreement, calling participation in it “unreasonable.” Then the draft document was submitted to the Verkhovna Rada.

    The document defines such terms as “commemoration”, “dead soldiers”, “military graves”, “military monuments”, “arrangement of military graves” and “search job”.

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    According to its provisions, the parties undertook to coordinate their actions to perpetuate the memory of the courage and heroism of the peoples of the states— participants of the CIS in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. Russia and Ukraine also agreed on how exactly they will preserve the memory of the fallen servicemen, equip and maintain memorials and military graves, and search for the remains of the dead.

    The Ukrainian Ministry of Finance noted that after the innovation, the state budget will not lose income from taxes that Ukrainians pay to the Russian treasury. In addition, Kyiv will stop exchanging tax information with Moscow.

    These are not the first agreements between Russia and Ukraine that Kyiv has been denouncing since the end of February. So, on May 3, the Ukrainian parliament canceled the agreement on conducting a coordinated policy in the field of standardization, metrology and certification of 1992, and on March 25 withdrew from the agreement with Russia on the mutual recognition of diplomas.

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Gasum announced the suspension of gas supplies from Russia to Finland

Gas supplies from Russia have been stopped, Finland will supply it in the summer season via the Balticconnector pipeline, Gasum reported. Gasgrid Finland assured that the country's system is balanced

Natural gas imports from Russia to Finland are suspended, during the entire summer season the company will purchase it from other suppliers through the Balticconnector pipeline, according to the website of the Finnish state gas company Gasum.

“Gasum will supply natural gas to its customers from other sources via the Balticconnector pipeline. Gasum filling stations in the gas network will continue to operate as usual,— said in the message.

According to the Finnish state gas operator Gasgrid Finland, gas supplies were stopped through the Imatra point, while all the volume needed by the country is already imported through Balticconnector. According to the company, “[Finland's] gas system is now balanced.”

Balticconnector connects Finland to Estonia, this pipeline provides the Finnish side with access to the Latvian natural gas storage facilities in Incukalns.

< p>

Gasum CEO Mika Välänen said earlier that the company had prepared for such a situation and was ready to provide customers with fuel in the coming months in the absence of interruptions in the operation of the gas transport network. The company also indicated that they refused to pay for gas in rubles or according to the new scheme proposed by Russia, while there are other “substantial disagreements”; in relation to other requirements presented to the contract. Gasum “had no choice but to arbitrate the contract,” Viljanen added.

At Gazprom, previously warned that they intend to “defend their interests in arbitration by available means”, and gas supplies will be suspended due to the refusal of the Finnish side to pay for them under the new conditions.

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At the end of April, the Finnish government announced its intention to stop Russian gas supplies as soon as possible. «Purpose— get rid of all payments to Russia so that we don't use them to fund Putin's military fund. It would be undesirable to be in a situation where we have to pay for breach of contract,— said Minister for European Affairs and Corporate Governance Titti Tuppurainen.

Bloomberg learned in mid-May that Gasgrid Finland intends to charter a specialized tanker used as an offshore LNG terminal from US Excelerate Energy. Helsinki believed that this deal would stop the import of Russian gas. The head of Excelerate Energy Stephen Cobos noted that Finland and Estonia need 3 billion cubic meters. m of gas annually, while the tanker is capable of delivering 5 billion cubic meters. According to the company, this is about 52 freight shipments.

The Exemplar vessel, which is currently in Argentina, will sail to Finland by the end of the year. The agreement was signed for ten years, while the surplus gas can be sold to neighboring countries, including Estonia.

The contract between Gasum and Gazprom Export valid until the end of 2031. The Russian company reported that it supplied the Finnish side in 2016-2019 with about 2.5 billion cubic meters. m of gas. In 2020, against the backdrop of the spread of the coronavirus, supplies fell by 34.5%, but in the first half of 2021 they reached 1.035 billion cubic meters. m, which is 35.6% more than in the same period last year.

According to Bloomberg, Finland purchased 92% of natural gas from Russia last year, but this type of fuel accounts for only 5% of energy, consumed in the country.

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Rogozin offered to “improve life” at Ukrainian space factories

Roskosmos can restore work at Ukrainian space enterprises in regions controlled by Russia, Rogozin said. Khusnullin announced on the eve of the work of the interdepartmental headquarters for the restoration of territories Rogozin proposed to “improve life” at the Ukrainian space plants” />

Dmitry Rogozin

In the Kyiv, Kharkov, and Dnepropetrovsk regions of Ukraine, there are Soviet factories in the space industry, Roskosmos; is ready to restore production on them, said the head of the state corporation Dmitry Rogozin on the air of the Rossiya 24 TV channel.

?.. Something that is connected with space, of course. What has always been an inseparable part of the unified space family of the great Soviet Union as a great space power,— said Rogozin.

The head of the state corporation pointed out that Roskosmos could “establish a normal life” and provide jobs for those in Russian-controlled regions of Ukraine.

Rogozin did not specify the names of the enterprises in which the state corporation is interested. At the same time, the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau is located in Dnepropetrovsk. them. M.K.Yangel —the Russian Ministry of Defense called him “the leading center of rocket science” THE USSR. The design bureau created spacecraft and missile systems with ground-based ballistic missiles.

Dnepropetrovsk also houses the A.M. Makarov Southern Machine-Building Plant («Yuzhmash»). With this enterprise in the spring of 2017, the American representative office of S7 Space, S7 Sea Launch Limited, entered into an agreement for the supply of 12 Zenit launch vehicles. for Sea Launch programs and Ground Launch, but in March 2019 decided to end cooperation.

Dnepropetrovsk and Kyiv regions of Ukraine are not controlled by Russia. Russian forces are in the Kherson, Kharkov, Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

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The Russian government has formed a special headquarters, which included “all interested bodies” to restore the territories of Ukraine occupied by Russian forces, Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin told reporters the day before, May 20. He said that there is already a schedule, “work is in full swing,” it is planned to restore roads, housing and the economy.

“We have prepared a number of measures in order to start the economy as quickly as possible, to establish the financial system,»,— Khusnullin stressed, RIA Novosti reported.

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The Ministry of Defense announced the destruction of equipment from the US and Europe near Zhytomyr

Russian forces with Kalibr missiles in the Zhytomyr region destroyed weapons supplied from the United States and Europe to Ukrainian troops. In the Odessa region, the Russian Aerospace Forces destroyed storage facilities with fuel for armored vehicles of the Ukrainian forces alt=”The Ministry of Defense announced the destruction of equipment from the US and Europe near Zhytomyr” />

In the Zhytomyr region, Russian forces with Kalibr missiles destroyed the “large party” weapons and equipment supplied from the US and Europe to Ukrainian troops, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense.

“High-precision long-range sea-based missiles” Kalibr ” a large consignment of weapons and military equipment delivered from the United States and European countries for the grouping of Ukrainian troops in the Donbas was destroyed in the area of ​​​​the Malin railway station in the Zhytomyr region, — said the official representative of the department, Igor Konashenkov, during a briefing, without specifying the specific amount of equipment and weapons.

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In the Odessa area, the Russian Aerospace Forces destroyed storage facilities with fuel for armored vehicles of the Ukrainian forces, which were located at the Odessa Port Plant chemical plant.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian officials sources.

Russian aviation and air defense systems shot down two Ukrainian Su-25 aircraft: one— during an air battle near the city of Belitskoye in the Donetsk People's Republic, and the second & mdash; near the village of Novoaleksandrovka, Kherson region.

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According to the Ministry of Defense, since the beginning of the special military operation, Russian troops have destroyed 174 aircraft, 125 helicopters; automotive equipment.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24th. The Ministry of Defense has repeatedly said that strikes are inflicted only on military infrastructure. The Ukrainian authorities have introduced martial law in the country and announced a general mobilization. Kyiv also severed diplomatic relations with Moscow.

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Zelensky explained the surrender of the military from Azovstal as a signal from Kyiv

The Ukrainian military left their hiding places and surrendered after receiving a “signal” from Kyiv, Zelensky said. The Ukrainian leader added that now they have to wait for the exchange in one format or another *

Ukrainian forces stationed at the Azovstal plant in Mariupol, received a “signal” from the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine about the right to “go out and save your life”, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said in an interview with the TV channel “Ukraine 24”.

According to the head of Ukraine, everything will depend on the obligations assumed by the UN, the International Committee of the Red Cross and Russia, who promised that the surrendered military would be safe to wait for “this or that format of exchange.”

Zelensky also said that Kyiv was in talks with partners to provide weapons that could allow Ukrainian forces to break through to the Mariupol plant. He added that many Ukrainian pilots died while trying to get to Azovstal. According to the president, it was planned to deliver medicines and food to the plant by air.

“A lot of things happened that no one could officially comment on. Air corridors to “Azovstal” was not due to the powerful Russian air defense,»,— Zelensky emphasized.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Ukrainian servicemen held the defense of Mariupol for almost 90 days. For most of this period, they were at Azovstal, whose area is 11 square meters. km, or about 1/15 of the entire city. Together with the military, civilians were hiding at the plant.

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In early May, Moscow and Kyiv evacuated civilians from the plant to the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities, as well as to the Lugansk and Donetsk republics. The process took place under the control of the UN and the Red Cross. In mid-May, from the territory of “Azovstal” the military began to be evacuated; The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense reported on the hospitalization of the seriously wounded in Olenivka and Novoazovsk. Both settlements are under the control of the DPR.

Zelensky then indicated that “Ukraine needs Ukrainian heroes alive” and expressed the hope that Kyiv would be able to return the military. Earlier, he threatened to stop negotiations with Russia to resolve the conflict if the defenders of Mariupol were killed.

On the evening of May 20, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the establishment of full control over Mariupol, including over the territory of Azovstal. “The underground facilities of the enterprise, in which the militants were hiding, came under the complete control of the Russian armed forces,” — Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported to President Vladimir Putin. He added that 2,439 Ukrainian soldiers had surrendered since May 16.

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Biden called the condition for a meeting with Kim Jong-un

A meeting between the US and North Korean leaders is possible if the North Korean side is serious, the American leader said. The White House did not see such signs in the actions of Pyongyang Biden called the condition for a meeting with Kim Jong-un He said this at a press conference during a visit to South Korea, reports Reuters.

“As for whether I meet with the leader of North Korea, it will depend on whether he is sincere and serious” ,— Biden said.

Washington offered coronavirus vaccines to Pyongyang to combat the country's outbreak, the president continued, but the US “didn't get any response.” In the DPRK, the day before, they reported the identification of almost 2.5 million patients with symptoms of an “unknown fever”.

In February, then-South Korean President Moon Jae-in called a meeting between Biden and Kim Jong-un “a matter of time.” “Because the dialogue— the only way to resolve the issues is expected to eventually be a meeting between President Biden and Chairman Kim,— he said in an interview with Yonhap.

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The South Korean leader also expressed regret that the meeting in 2019 between the head of the DPRK and then-US President Donald Trump did not lead to a deal and was not secured continuation of the dialogue.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Sales of luxury goods are growing faster than expected. How to make money on it Articles Pro A leisurely billion: how a Russian can successfully enter the Indian market % per year is already the norm: how Argentina lives in conditions of record inflationAccording to Bloomberg, in April, US Special Envoy to North Korea Sun Kim noted that the White House had not yet received a response to repeated calls for dialogue without preconditions. “We hope that the North Koreans will accept our invitation to a serious and lengthy dialogue,” he stressed at the time, assuring that Washington was ready to study any serious proposals from Pyongyang “regarding the situation on the [Korean] peninsula.”

Jake Sullivan, national security adviser to the American president, also said that there were no signs of North Korea's readiness for serious negotiations with the United States. On the eve of Biden's visit to South Korea, he pointed out that there was no indication that the North Korean leader wanted a meeting.

Former US President Donald Trump met with the North Korean leader in Singapore and Hanoi. During the first meeting, the leaders signed a joint document— Pyongyang then committed itself to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in exchange for security guarantees from Washington. The second meeting took place without signing agreements.

In June 2019, Trump met with Kim Jong-un again— in Panmunjom, in the demilitarized zone between South Korea and North Korea. Then he symbolically crossed the demarcation line, becoming the first acting American leader to visit North Korea.

Later, Pyongyang changed its attitude towards the agreements reached. “We don't need lengthy negotiations with the US, and denuclearization is no longer on the negotiating agenda,” — North Korean representative to the UN Kim Song emphasized. He called the dialogue a “trick”; Washington.

Last June, Trump expressed confidence that Biden was unpleasant to the leader of the DPRK, and therefore their meeting would not take place. “He [Kim Jong Un] is a different type of guy, it takes a different type of guy to talk to him, but we got along,” explained the ex-president.

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The economist explained the difference between the official dollar exchange rate and the real one and revealed what to expect next in exchangers

The specialist told why there is such a big difference between the exchange rate and the exchange rate in banks.

The exchange rate of the Russian currency has significantly strengthened, however, experts note that now it is almost impossible to buy a noticeably cheaper currency anywhere – Despite the low rate, the difference between trading on the Moscow Exchange and the offer of banks can be about 20 rubles.

Maxim Maramygin, Doctor of Economics, spoke about the difference between the official and real rates.

In an interview with E1 .ru, he said that an artificial currency market was established in Russia due to the lack of a direct correlation between cash and non-cash currency.

He recalled that any commodity sold by Russia – minerals, timber, grain – has skyrocketed in value.

“Therefore, the flow of the non-cash part is huge, including the one that the Europeans pay us for gas. The physical volumes of consumption have decreased, and the flow of currency has increased sharply”, = he said.

The expert noted that correspondent accounts were closed for Russian banks, and banks cannot introduce cash currency. Therefore, it remains cashless.

Maramygin noted that the exchange rate on the stock exchange consists of the offers of oil companies and the demand of buyers.

Now the volume of international trade has seriously decreased, so cash dollars and euros do not reach banks, and their real value does not fall as a result.

“You can still buy them, and even at a low price – another question is that you will not be able to hold a bill in your hands”, – said the specialist.

Currency can now only be deposited into the account, but cannot be taken out of the country. In addition, new banknotes do not come into it.

He noted that now there are two rates for the dollar and the euro – in cash and on non-cash accounts of the Moscow Exchange.

After Russia gets access to the import of cash from abroad, the official and real rates will become similar.

Earlier, TopNews wrote about that the dollar exchange rate for the first time in 4 years fell below 58 rubles. The euro fell below 60 rubles.

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Scholz urged Schroeder to leave all posts in Russia

German Chancellor Scholz called on Schroeder to leave all posts in Russia after leaving Rosneft. Gerhard Schroeder previously announced the impossibility of extending his powers on the board of directors of Rosneft. The German chancellor urged him to leave all posts in Russia

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz urged Schroeder to leave all posts in Russia after leaving Rosneft, Der Spiegel reports.

“We note that this happened with one [post], more should follow”, — he said.

Schroeder was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. Board of Directors of Rosneft he has been in charge since 2017. He is also Chairman of the Shareholders' Committee of Nord Stream AG, operator of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. In addition, in early February, Schroeder was nominated to the board of directors of Gazprom. instead of the son-in-law of the former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev Timur Kulibayev.

Schroeder left the board of directors of Rosneft May 20. The company said they understand the decision of the former chancellor.

This happened after the European Parliament proposed imposing sanctions against European board members of large Russian companies and politicians who continue to receive money from Russia. In particular, the deputies mentioned Schroeder, who, against the backdrop of the events in Ukraine, was already offered by the current German Chancellor to leave his posts in Russian state-owned companies.

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Schroeder himself stated that Russia should not isolate in the long run and German industry needs Russian resources. According to him, after the special operation in Ukraine, the West will have to interact with Russia again. summed up the former chancellor.

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Zakharova opposed the confiscation of Zelensky’s property in Crimea

Reuters previously reported that Zelensky's wife bought an elite apartment in Crimea in 2013. When asked about the possibility of seizing the property of the President of Ukraine, Zakharova said that she “does not see anything normal in the seizure of property”

The official representative of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maria Zakharova, spoke out against the confiscation of real estate without legal grounds, including from the President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky. She stated this at the event “Battle of Speakers”, which takes place in Yekaterinburg.

“I do not see anything normal in taking property when there is no legal basis for it. Especially when it is part of an information campaign,»— Zakharova said, answering the question of whether, in response to the arrest of the Italian villa of TV presenter Vladimir Solovyov, the same could be done with Zelensky's real estate in Crimea.

The fact that the elected president of Ukraine has real estate in Crimea was previously reported by Reuters. According to the agency, Zelensky's wife Elena in 2013 bought an elite apartment from a Ukrainian businessman and former deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Alexander Buryak in the Imperator residential complex. on the Black Sea coast. The material said that in 2012 the market value of 1 square. m in the complex was estimated at $2.8-4 thousand, however, according to data from open sources, the cost of buying a home was $163.8 thousand (equivalent to approximately $1.263 thousand per square meter).

In response to this, Zelensky's headquarters stated that his wife purchased the property at a market price and according to the law, all taxes and fees were paid after the transaction, and Zelensky himself officially declared the housing.

In March, La Repubblica reported that the Italian authorities seized Solovyov's property, which fell under EU sanctions. It was about two villas of a journalist on Lake Como. In 2019, Solovyov confirmed that he has a house in Italy, which he bought at his own expense. Later, the TV presenter clarified that he had “not one” in the country; house.

As Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio previously reported, since the beginning of the Russian special operation in the country, property of sanctioned Russians worth €900 million has been seized.

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NBC learned about the work of McKinsey at the same time for the Pentagon and Rostec

According to the channel, the consulting company simultaneously carried out orders for the US Pentagon and the Russian Rostec. McKinsey itself said that the contracts with the Russian company did not concern weapons systems ” alt=”NBC found out about the work of McKinsey at the same time for the Pentagon and Rostec” />

The American consulting company McKinsey collaborated with Rostec at the same time; and served on contracts for the Pentagon as well as for the intelligence community. This is reported by NBC with reference to its own investigation.

“McKinsey, while advising a Russian corporation, although not on issues directly related to weapons, at the same time carried out contracts in the field of national security for the US Department of Defense and the intelligence community,” — the article says.

The TV channel claims that it is Rostec; largely responsible for supplying the Russian army with missiles that hit targets in Ukraine.

However, McKinsey did not see a conflict of interest in recent activities in Russia and contracts for US federal agencies. “Our past work for Rostec contractors did not concern weapons systems. This activity consisted of commercial and operational matters on which we advise clients on a regular basis around the world,— company spokesman Neil Grace told NBC.

RBC sent a request to Rostec.

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McKinsey stopped serving customers in Russia on April 15 due to Russia's operation in Ukraine. In addition, the company stopped the conclusion of new contracts in Russia and work with government agencies. On May 16, it became known that the new owners of the Russian “daughter” Employees of the company became McKinsey, and CEO Yakov Sergienko became the main shareholder with a 33% share.

Apart from McKinsey, all companies from the Big Four also ceased their activities in Russia. auditors— KPMG, PwC, EY and Deloitte. They decided to withdraw the Russian units from their composition. The decisions of KPMG and Deloitte also affected Belarusian offices.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24th. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state, as well as protecting the population of Donbass from “genocide” from Kyiv. Ukraine, in response, declared martial law and mobilization.

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Italian prime minister assured Zelensky of full support

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, during a telephone conversation with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, assured him of his full support, including in terms of approving the sixth package of anti-Russian sanctions. This was reported by the press service of the Italian Prime Minister.

“Chairman of the Italian Council of Ministers Mario Draghi had a telephone conversation with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, with whom he discussed the latest events and the development of the conflict. Draghi assured him of Italy's full support for Ukraine, including in terms of approving the sixth package of [anti-Russian] sanctions, as well as facilitating the unblocking of the country's ports and Ukraine's entry into the EU, — the message says.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state, as well as protecting the population of Donbass from “genocide” from Kyiv. Ukraine, in response, declared martial law and mobilization, and the EU countries have already imposed five packages of sanctions against Moscow.

The head of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen announced the development of the sixth package of sanctions against Russia in mid-April. She did not rule out restrictions on Russian banks, primarily Sberbank, and the energy sector. According to her, the EC “is in the process of developing smart mechanisms” through which the next package of sanctions will affect Russian oil.

In response to Western sanctions, the country's authorities announced retaliatory measures, and the Russian government developed and adopted a massive package of measures to support the economy.

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La Repubblica wrote that the plan proposed by Italy includes four stages. It is proposed to start with a ceasefire and demilitarization of the front line under the supervision of the UN, then move on to negotiations on the status of Ukraine, involving the entry of the country into the European Union, but not joining NATO.

The third stage involves the conclusion of a bilateral agreement on Crimea and Donbass between Russia and Ukraine, according to which the “disputed territories” will receive autonomy and the right to ensure their own security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv. The final stage will be the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine, follows from the document.

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Vucic declared resistance to sanctions against Moscow “as much as he can”

President Vucic: Serbia will not impose sanctions against Russia for as long as it can

The Serbian authorities will adhere to the decision of the National Security Council of the country not to impose sanctions on Russia as much as possible, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said on TV Pink.

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“Today I have not heard the position” for ” or “against” sanctions— (say— RBC) if something happens, then you can, and if it doesn’t — it is forbidden. Others, at least openly declare — impose sanctions and we know what their policy is. Our business— fight for your country, stick to the paper that you yourself wrote— decisions of the National Security Council, as far as we can and for as long as we can,— he said.

In addition, Vučić said that he intends to have a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin in the near future, including on the issue of gas supplies and prices.

Reshetnikov urged to solve logistics issues for Russia’s “pivot” to Asia

According to the head of the Ministry of Economic Development, the current supply chains with Asian countries are more suitable for trade in raw materials, and for the development of mutual trade, Russia needs to “solve issues with logistics”

For a successful turn of Russian foreign economic activity to Asia Russia needs to solve logistics issues in a new way. About this “RIA Novosti” said Minister of Economic Development Maxim Reshetnikov.

“If we are talking about the development of trade [with Asia], then we will also have to solve logistics issues. The logistics chains that exist now are suitable for trade, relatively speaking, in grain, trade in petroleum products. And as for, for example, the supply of fertilizers, here the logistics are already more complicated— where to carry, how to ship»,— the minister explained.

According to him, it is problematic to transport such cargoes through the north-west of Russia, therefore, at present, the authorities are developing the corridor north— south using the infrastructure of the southern neighbors. “There are also opportunities to use the Eurasian infrastructure, the potential of our neighbors as transit countries,” he added.

In addition, Reshetnikov announced an increase in the capacity of Russia's Far Eastern ports. “We are evaluating how ready our ports are to export all this— These are the questions we are currently working on. We need new opportunities there, including an increase in container handling,— he said.

Since the end of February, many Western companies have announced the suspension of activities in Russia, as well as the suspension of supplies. Such a decision was made, for example, by the world's largest container operator Maersk and the American logistics company UPS. Sea lines MSC, Hapag-Lloyd and Yang Ming have also suspended vessel bookings (bookings) in the direction of Russia. In addition, several dozen countries closed the skies for Russian airlines, which forced them to stop flying to the EU countries, the USA, Canada, etc.

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In turn, the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov at the end of March estimated the time needed to rebuild logistics in the country at “three, maximum six months.” According to him, distribution channels during this time will be reoriented to those countries that are ready to buy Russian products and supply their own to Russia.

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Ex-ambassador reported about US deception regarding Ukraine’s accession to NATO

Former US Ambassador McFaul: American diplomats deceived Ukraine about joining NATO

For several years, United States diplomats promised Ukraine to join the North Atlantic Alliance (NATO), which turned out to be a lie. This was stated by former US Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul, speaking at The Munk Debate.

Thus, the moderator of the debate, Radoslav Sikorsky, reminded McFaul of the promises made by Washington to Kyiv on the country's accession to NATO and asked the question— “Did the [American] diplomats lie?”

The ex-ambassador answered in the affirmative, adding that this is how the “real world” works.

McFaul served as US Ambassador to Moscow from 2012 to 2014. In November 2016, he came under Russian sanctions. The diplomat claimed that this was due to his close ties with former US President Barack Obama. According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, McFaul came under restrictions due to “targeted damage to Russian-American relations.”

In March 2021, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky approved a national military security strategy. The document envisaged measures to strengthen integration with NATO for further membership in it.

He also repeatedly criticized the position of Western countries on Ukraine's membership in the alliance. In September, the Ukrainian leader also discussed this issue at the talks with Joe Biden, and, according to Zelensky, the US President announced his consent to Ukraine's entry into NATO.

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Zakharova spoke about attempts to recruit diplomats by Western intelligence agencies

Psychological pressure is being exerted on Russian diplomats abroad, some of them have faced recruitment attempts by the secret services of Western countries. This was stated by the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova, reports TASS.

“In Western countries or countries where the corresponding influence of the special services is high, they [Russian diplomats] received specific proposals not at the level of single approaches, but at the level of specific letters, addressed to personal mail, personal messengers. At the level of blackmail and threats about what they will receive in the form of bonuses, if they, feeling their conscience awakened, follow it, go outside the embassy and begin to interact with the relevant special services, — she said.

In addition, according to Zakharova, Russian diplomats face “psychological violence” on a daily basis, and diplomatic property is “damaged.” “These are all kinds of” creativity ” in relation to our embassies, these are attacks on cars. <…> Diplomats really live on the front lines,— she added.

The official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs believes that one of the goals of such a “political campaign” against Russia is the exclusion from the international community of the Russian diplomatic service.

Earlier, Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov said that the Russian embassy operates “in a hostile environment”; and threats of physical violence against its employees. “American intelligence officials flit around the Russian embassy, ​​handing out FBI and CIA phones that you can call to establish cooperation,” — the ambassador said. He also clarified that politicians publish in the American media calls for embassy staff and the military to “go over to the side of the so-called democracy.”

In mid-April, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that “virtually terrorist acts” had been carried out against Russian institutions abroad. Lavrov added that not only diplomats are being threatened: Russian citizens, he said, are regularly attacked. He recommended employees of diplomatic missions abroad “not to walk alone.”

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Blinken joked about relations with Russia with a line from a Taylor Swift song

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, speaking to alumni of Georgetown University, quoted a song by American singer Taylor Swift, hinting that Washington might not restore relations with the Russian leadership. The broadcast was hosted by the Reuters YouTube channel.

“Indeed, Taylor Swift spoke at the graduation ceremony at New York University. Unfortunately, my team did not allow me to bring my guitar to dedicate the song “We are never ever getting back together” President [of Russia Vladimir] Putin, — said Blinken.

According to the diplomat, such a move on his part would be “undiplomatic and cringeworthy.”

After launched a special operation in Ukraine, many Western countries, including the EU and the United States, imposed sanctions against Russia. The restrictions included foreign exchange reserves, financial and industrial companies, as well as high-ranking officials and the military. In addition, in April, the United States expelled 10 Russian diplomats from Washington, bringing the number of diplomatic workers from Russia to a historic low.

Russia called Western sanctions illegal and repeatedly introduced mirror measures, including against Blinken and other first US persons. At the end of March, Deputy Head of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev said that relations with Western countries are now worse than during the Cold War.

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Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces of Russia revealed the technical characteristics of “Sarmat”

According to the general, the Sarmat missile is capable of flying across the North and South Poles, and the means to intercept it are unlikely to be developed in the coming decades

The latest Russian intercontinental ballistic missile “Sarmat” capable of flying over the North and South Poles and other trajectories. About this on the air of the TV channel “Star” said the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN) of Russia, Colonel-General Sergei Karakaev.

“Due to the power supply of the new missile system, the trajectory has the ability to change. From our notorious trajectory through the North Pole, if necessary, it is possible to lay a trajectory through the South Pole, which, in principle, is not protected today. And also there are possibilities of other trajectories— from the point of view of the possibility of launching into outer space,»,— he said.

According to Karakaev, in the coming decades it is “hardly possible” create means to intercept a Russian missile.

On April 20, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the successful launch of the Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile. from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region. This missile system will replace the “Voevoda” complex with the intercontinental ballistic missile R-36M2, which is currently armed with the Russian strategic missile forces. President Vladimir Putin watched the test launch via video link.

Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that the deliveries of “Sarmatov” the troops will begin in the fall. He noted that only one such missile is capable of destroying half of the coast of the “disliked” continent. Technical capabilities of “Sarmat” “allow it to become much more invulnerable to US missile defense,” the head of the state corporation claimed.

At the same time, the Pentagon did not see Sarmat ICBMs in tests a threat to the United States.

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