Nizhny Novgorod fair: history in photographs

Nizhny Novgorod Fair — the largest fair in Russia, a phenomenon of national heritage. The history of the Nizhny Novgorod fair has more than four centuries. Being on the way of the main waterway of Russia – Volga, in close proximity to Moscow, the Nizhny Novgorod Fair performed the most important function of the “exchange yard of Europe with Asia”.

Here, goods produced in the most remote regions of the world were sold, but the main trade on it was with the East: China, Persia and Central Asia, so it was called the “key of trade with Asia.” Thanks to the scale and significance of the fair, Nizhny Novgorod has gained worldwide fame and the title of a merchant center – «Pocket of Russia».

The history of the Nizhny Novgorod fair in photographs — in the AiF.ru gallery.

The main house of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © Public Domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Samokatskaya Square at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

The main fair house and shopping malls. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Chinese ranks during the flood. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

On July 14, 1896, the first Russian car was presented at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Main House of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair and shopping malls. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

General view of the fair from the Spassky Old Fair Cathedral. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Bell rows at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Roundabouts on Samokat Square. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Nizhny Novgorod fair during the flood. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Nizhny Novgorod fair and the spit of the Oka and Volga rivers. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

The main house of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © Public Domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Samokatskaya Square at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

The main fair house and shopping malls. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Chinese ranks during the flood. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

On July 14, 1896, the first Russian car was presented at the Nizhny Novgorod fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Main House of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair and shopping malls. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

General view of the fair from the Spassky Old Fair Cathedral. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Bell rows at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Roundabouts on Samokat Square. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Nizhny Novgorod fair during the flood. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

View of the Nizhny Novgorod fair and the spit of the Oka and Volga rivers. © public domain/Maxim Dmitriev

Источник aif.ru

The scientist apologized for the joke with a photo of a sausage under the guise of a snapshot of a star

French scientist Etienne Klein, who jokingly published a photo of a slice of sausage and presented the image as a scientific discovery, has apologized. He indicated that his intent was to call for the careful handling of unverified information.

“I apologize to those who may have been shocked by my practical joke, in which there was nothing original,” he wrote on Twitter *.

The scientist explained that the publication was a call to be skeptical even of the statements of authoritative sources. James Webb. He stated that the photo shows the nearest star to the Sun, Proxima Centauri.

Earlier, aif.ru wrote that the Curiosity apparatus had discovered interesting things on Mars during 10 years of work on the surface of the planet.

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In Russia, 19,974 new cases of COVID-19 infection were detected per day

Over the past day in Russia, the number of patients with coronavirus has increased by 19 974, according to the federal operational headquarters for combating the spread of the disease.

In total, 2 141 patients were hospitalized in the country in a day with coronavirus. This is 12.3% more than the day before. Also, 10 & nbsp; 743 people recovered over the past day, which is 9.4% more than on August 5. As of August 6, 46 patients with COVID-19 have died.

It was previously reported that, according to information as of August 5, 18 555 cases of infection with a new coronavirus infection were detected in Russia.

According to infectious disease doctor Nikolai Malyshev, the peak incidence in Moscow will be in September – the time of the beginning of the school year and the exit of many people from vacations.

As reported by the head of the department of infectious diseases and epidemiology of the Russian National Research Medical University. Pirogov Vladimir Nikiforov, a new wave of coronavirus that began in Russia in recent days suggests that this disease is quite different from SARS. According to him, in hot weather, influenza and SARS almost never occur.

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France forms anti-crisis headquarters to combat record drought

Over the past week, due to abnormal heat, a special regime was declared in 93 of the 96 administrative regions of France. The created anti-crisis commission will coordinate the water supply to the most affected areas.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/4/57/756597555714574.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

< /p>

The French government has formed a crisis response unit to deal with the worst drought on record, Bloomberg reports, citing a statement by Prime Minister Elisabeth Bourne.

An interagency task force will coordinate water supplies to the hardest hit areas and monitor the impact of the drought on energy production and agriculture, the agency said. Bourne also urged citizens to conserve water and said restrictions would continue “where necessary.”

“This drought— the strongest ever recorded in our country. The lack of rain is exacerbated by the accumulation of successive heat waves that increase evaporation and the need for water, — underlined prime.

Over the past week, a special regime due to drought has been declared in 93 of the 96 administrative regions of France. The first level of warning includes limiting the cleaning of roads, sidewalks, watering green spaces, as well as reducing household water consumption. The Ministry of Agriculture of the country announced on the eve that due to hot and dry weather, the yield of major crops this year will decrease, including corn— by about 19%.

On July 18, the Joint Research Center of the European Commission (EC) reported that in the coming month, almost half of the EU is threatened by a severe drought. “Analysis of the spread of prolonged drought in the EU shows that 46% of the EU area is of serious concern in connection with the threat of drought. 11% of the EU is already experiencing problems due to lack of water,— experts indicated.

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According to the EC, drought could lead to an increase in forest fires and significant crop losses in Germany, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia and Croatia.

Previously, the introduction of a special regime due to drought announced the Netherlands. In particular, the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Resources of the country, Mark Harbers, said that “the drought has led to the fact that national needs exceed the volumes of water entering the country through rivers and as a result of rains.”

At the same time, the authorities Germany was warned that because of record temperatures, Europe's largest river, the Rhine, was in danger of being closed to navigation. According to Bloomberg, the Rhine level could drop to 47cm by August 6-7. A representative of the Federal Institute of Hydrology of Germany said that this is a record low level for many decades, and if the river level drops to 40 cm, navigation on it will become impossible.

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North Korean Foreign Ministry calls Pelosi’s visit to the border with Korea a manifestation of hostility

< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/7/77/756597765646777.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Nancy Pelosi

The visit of Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi to the demilitarized zone on the border of the DPRK and South Korea is another manifestation of Washington's hostile policy, said Cho Yong Sam, director of the press and information department of the DPRK Foreign Ministry.

“Pelosi, along with the South Korean authorities, spoke about “strong expanded deterrents” in response to the “threat from North Korea” and even visited the Panmunjom Joint Security Zone. This testifies to the hostile policy of the current American administration towards the DPRK,— said the diplomat.

According to him, Pelosi— “the worst destroyer of peace and stability on the planet.” “The US will have to pay for the trouble it has caused where it has been,” — Jo Young Sam concluded.

Pelosi visited the DMZ between North and South Korea as part of her Asian tour on August 3. The area, also known as the joint security zone, is jointly controlled by the US-led UN command and North Korea.

Pelosi also planned to visit the village of Phanmunjom, where a ceasefire was signed in 1953 that ended the Korean War. The visit to this zone was supposed to be a landmark event, but neither a photo of the politician in Panmunjom, nor a quote from her speech to the US military has appeared in the media. In addition, after the escalation in Taiwan, Pelosi was not personally received by South Korean President Yoon Seok-yeol.

Pelosi flew to Taiwan, despite all the warnings from Beijing about the consequences of this step. After her plane landed in Taipei, Chinese troops began a shooting exercise off the coast of Taiwan, and also announced large-scale exercises around the entire island from August 4 to 7.

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The pro-Russian authorities of Kherson announced their withdrawal from the jurisdiction of Kyiv

The deputy head of the Kherson VGA Stremousov said that the region is not under the jurisdiction of Kyiv image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/7/43/756597794185437.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

The territory of the Kherson region controlled by Russian forces is “actually no longer located” in the jurisdiction of Ukraine, said “RIA Novosti” deputy head of the military-civilian administration Kirill Stremousov.

According to him, the decisions of the Ukrainian authorities “are not a decree for us”, the administration “does not take any statements of the Kyiv regime seriously”. Stremousov also believes that the new head of the Kherson regional military administration, who was appointed this week by Kyiv, will not come to the region.

Kherson region has been under the control of Russian forces since March. A military-civilian administration (VGA) was created in the region, headed by Vladimir Saldo; he had been hospitalized the day before. According to Stremousov, he fell ill as a result of “a severe overexertion, physical and mental.” over the past six months. On August 5, Balance was sent to the Research Institute. N.V. Sklifosovsky in Moscow.

The Ukrainian authorities consider the lost territories to be occupied. In July, Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov said that President Volodymyr Zelensky had ordered the military to return the southern coastal territories to Kyiv's control. On August 4, he appointed Yaroslav Yanushevich head of the Kherson Regional State Administration, dismissing Dmytro Butriy from this position.

In 2013-2014, Yanushevich worked as deputy chairman of the State Financial Inspectorate of Ukraine. According to ZN.ua, it was lustred in 2014. The official was trusted by former Prime Minister Mykola Azarov (2010 & ndash; 2014).

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Volodin recalled that only the United States used nuclear weapons

The United States is the only state that has used nuclear weapons in the entire history of the world, Vyacheslav Volodin pointed out. August 6 and 9 are days of remembrance for the victims of the US atomic bombings of Japanese Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/7/88/756597787290887.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Peace Memorial in Hiroshima

In world history, except for the United States, there are no countries that have used nuclear weapons, said State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin, recalling the anniversary of the atomic bombings of Japanese Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

«Washington killed hundreds of thousands of civilians, solely to show its might and intimidate the whole world. <…> August 6 and 9 should be the days of Washington's repentance to humanity for the crimes committed against civilians,— Volodin pointed out.

He stated that the United States throughout its existence based policy “on colonial principles”; and lived at the expense of other countries, marking Ukraine among other such states.

At the end of World War II, on August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, and three days later— to Nagasaki. After that, Japan announced its surrender, the signing of the act of surrender became the formal end of the war.

According to various estimates, 70 & ndash; 100 thousand people died from the explosions. Five years later, from radioactive contamination, cancer and other delayed effects, the total death toll could exceed 300 thousand people.

Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui called on all states to renounce nuclear weapons at a ceremony to commemorate the victims of the atomic bombing. “Humanity is still threatened by the revival of the picture of hell that arose in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. It is necessary that all buttons for launching nuclear missiles become redundant. In this regard, we should once again reflect on the words of the writer Leo Tolstoy: “You cannot build happiness on someone else’s misfortune, but it is in the happiness of others that your happiness is hidden,” & mdash; said Matsui.

His opinion was supported by UN Secretary General António Guterres. “It is absolutely unacceptable that nuclear-weapon states allow the possibility of nuclear war,” — he said. According to him, world leaders need to permanently abandon the possibility of using nuclear weapons.

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Guterres had previously advocated the abandonment of nuclear weapons. In August, the UN holds a Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference. Speaking at it, Guterres stressed that, despite the assurances of the states— holders of nuclear weapons not to use them, the only guarantee of this is the complete elimination of such weapons.

At the same conference, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken assured that Washington would use nuclear weapons only in exceptional circumstances and in order to protect the vital interests of the States and their partners. Russian President Vladimir Putin, in his greetings to the conference participants, said that there can be no winners in a nuclear war, therefore it must never be unleashed, and stressed the importance of the NPT.

A few days after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine Putin ordered that deterrence forces, which include strategic nuclear forces, be put on special alert. The Russian authorities in April noted a “very significant” the risk of nuclear war. Putin pointed out that Moscow does not threaten anyone with nuclear weapons, but it is worth remembering that it has them. At the same time, the Foreign Ministry ruled out the use of these weapons by Russia as part of the military operation in Ukraine.

Washington called for a reduction in the number of statements about nuclear war and called statements about the possibility of using nuclear weapons dangerous and not useful.

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Blinken warned about the consequences of ending cooperation with China

Blinken said about the consequences of ending cooperation with China and condemned military maneuvers The suspension of cooperation between China and the United States on a number of issues, including climate change, will have long-term consequences for the world, Blinken said. China's military maneuvers are disproportionate to Pelosi's visit to Taiwan, he says webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/2/00/756597776515002.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Anthony Blinken

China's decision to end cooperation with the United States in a number of areas in response to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan is acting irresponsibly, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said during a press conference in the Philippines.

Beijing's Suspension of US-China Trade dialogue on climate change will have long-term implications for the future not only of the two countries, but of the entire world, the head of the State Department believes. Blinken stressed that Washington is interested in maintaining channels of communication with Beijing and resolving differences.

Blinken also reproached China for taking measures disproportionate to Pelosi's peaceful visit to Taiwan. In particular, on August 4, Beijing began military exercises in the waters and air around the island, in which it launched 11 ballistic missiles. Five of them landed in the exclusive economic zone of Japan.

Pelosi flew to the island on the evening of August 2 as part of an Asian tour; she met with members of parliament of the partially recognized state and the head of Taiwan's administration, Tsai Inwenyi, called the main purpose of the visit of the American delegation to support the “bright and dynamic” democracy of the island. At the same time, she insisted, the trip was not about trying to change the status quo. The White House also emphasized that Pelosi's visit does not contradict the “one China” principle, according to which Taiwan, which declared its independence from China in 1949, is part of China, and not a separate country.

However, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi called the arrival of Pelosi “a blatant deliberate provocation”, which was pre-planned by the American side. The ministry protested, saying the House Speaker's trip “greatly affected the political foundation of Sino-US relations, violated China's national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and seriously undermined the stability of the Taiwan Strait.”

On August 5, the Chinese authorities announced that they were imposing sanctions on Pelosi and her family and freezing cooperation with the United States on the repatriation of illegal immigrants, criminal legal assistance, combating transnational crime, cooperation in the field of drug control and climate change. In addition, China canceled negotiations at the level of the regional military commands of China and the United States.

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Trump thinks Pelosi’s trip to Taiwan is stupid and calls it ‘China’s dream’

Speaker of the lower house of the US Congress Nancy Pelosi, having traveled to Taiwan, gave China a pretext for all sorts of actions, including military exercises, Donald Trump believes, which should not have happened< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/6/87/756597756474876.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >webp” type=”image/webp”>

Nancy Pelosi (second from left)

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan was a fool's errand given tensions with China, which escalated tensions and provided an excuse for Beijing to take various actions, including conducting military exercises in the waters of the Taiwan Strait, former US President Donald Trump said in a speech at a rally in front of his supporters in Wisconsin. The event was broadcast by C-SPAN.

“What the hell? What was she doing in Taiwan? She was China's dream. She gave them a suggestion. <…> How stupid that she went there, & mdash; Trump said.

Trump expressed hope that in the midterm congressional elections this November, the Republicans will take the majority of seats and “do away with crazy Nancy Pelosi.”

Relations between the US and China have escalated since Pelosi's visit to Taiwan. Beijing has repeatedly warned against its inadmissibility, emphasizing that it is contrary to the principles of the “one China” policy; and threatens to “undermine relations” between countries. As The New York Times wrote, Washington tried to dissuade Pelosi from going to the island, but on August 2, her plane landed in Taipei. Pelosi called the main purpose of the visit of the American delegation to the island to support the “bright and dynamic” democracy in Taiwan. She visited the Taiwanese parliament, met with President Tsai Ing-wen, and called the island “one of the freest societies in the world.”

Beijing considered Pelosi's visit a provocation. On August 4, China began large-scale military exercises, which should last until Sunday. Within their framework, live firing will take place in the waters and airspace around almost the entire Taiwan. Airspace and navigation in the exercise areas will be closed.

The foreign ministers of the United States, Australia and Japan called on China to immediately stop military exercises. According to Politico, the US military command tried to contact their Chinese colleagues, but their calls remain unanswered.

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Putin after talks with Erdogan met with Kadyrov

Earlier, Kadyrov said that he personally met Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and the head of the national intelligence organization

After talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Russian leader Vladimir Putin met with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said, TASS reports.

According to him, they discussed the state of affairs in Chechnya and issues of socio-economic development of the region.

Earlier, Kadyrov said that during the talks between Putin and Erdogan, he personally met Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and head of the Turkish national intelligence organization Hakan Fidan. “We had an informal rich and productive conversation, during which we came to a common opinion on the need to establish close cooperation between Turkey and the Chechen Republic on various issues,” — wrote the head of Chechnya in Telegram, adding that he had accepted an invitation to visit Turkey from “distinguished guests”.

Negotiations between the Turkish and Russian presidents took place on August 5 in Sochi, the meeting lasted a little over four hours. As a result, the parties agreed to transfer part of the payment for Russian gas supplies to Turkey into rubles, to defend the sovereignty of Libya and the territorial integrity of Syria, and to fight terrorism on its territory together. The presidents also agreed to deepen cooperation in many sectors of the economy. In addition, Putin and Erdogan noted the need to implement the Istanbul agreements on the export of grain from Ukrainian ports.

At the end of July, Erdogan said that Putin, in a conversation with him, expressed a desire to establish cooperation with the drone manufacturer Bayraktar. Peskov, in response to a question from journalists, said that Russia is already cooperating with Turkey in the military-technical sphere, and Putin will discuss issues related to it at talks with Erdogan in Sochi. The Kremlin spokesman did not give a specific answer to the question of whether Moscow wants to cooperate with the manufacturer of combat drones. The talk about Bayraktar was not mentioned in the joint statement of the presidents. Peskov said that this topic was not touched upon during the meeting.

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Operation “Dawn” and the escalation between Israel and the Gaza Strip. The main thing

Israel launched Operation Dawn on Friday against the Islamic Jihad terrorist group in the Gaza Strip. In response, more than 100 rockets were fired from Gaza into the country.

By Saturday morning, August 6, relations between Israel and the Gaza Strip remain tense after the Israeli army (IDF) conducted an operation against the Islamic Jihad terrorist group banned in Russia and eliminated the commander of the northern brigades of the military wing of the “Islamic Jihad” Tayseera al-Jabari.

The Health Ministry of the Palestinian enclave in Gaza has reported more than 50 casualties in the airstrikes. In response, about 160 rockets were fired at Israel from Gaza, 95% of them were intercepted by the Iron Dome air defense system, many rockets did not reach the target. No casualties reported.

Prime Minister Yair Lapid said he did not intend to delay the operation. The current escalation between Israel and Gaza has become the largest since the 11-day conflict in May 2021.

How is the operation of the Israeli army in Gaza

On Friday afternoon, the press service of the Israeli army announced the conduct of Operation Dawn. against the Islamic Jihad group. The military declared a state of emergency in the 80-kilometer zone around the Gaza Strip. Aircraft launched strikes on the enclave, as a result of which al-Jabari was killed. The health ministry of the enclave reported ten dead, including a five-year-old girl, and more than 55 wounded.

The Israeli army reported 15 terrorists killed. “According to our estimate, about 15 terrorists were killed. Islamic Jihad Commander Killed in the northern part of the Gaza Strip. Destroyed two detachments with anti-tank weapons, which intended to carry out the attack, — said an army spokesman.

By Saturday morning, the IDF reported that it had hit Islamic Jihad targets with at least 30 strikes in the Gaza Strip, resulting in the destruction of about 40 targets, including five rocket launchers, six weapons manufacturing enterprises, two or three weapons depots and six observation posts, Newsru.co.il reported.

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Yair Lapid later tweeted that Operation Dawn aims to “eliminate a specific threat to the citizens of Israel.” The country's government will not allow terrorist organizations to threaten the citizens of the state, he stressed. “Let everyone who dares to bring evil to Israel know that we will get to him,” — the prime minister said.

In turn, the official representative of the ruling Palestinian movement Hamas in the Gaza Strip, Hazem Kasem, accused Israel of an act of aggression and said that he must “pay the price.” Islamic Jihad leader Ziyad al-Nahkhala, who is on a visit to Tehran, appeared on the air of the Lebanese TV channel Al-Mayadeen and said that there would be no truce after Israeli airstrikes. “There are no red lines in this battle” hellip; Tel Aviv will also become one of the targets of resistance missiles, like all Zionist cities, — he said.

Israel announced an increase in the level of readiness of police units throughout the country, and the Prime Minister's office announced the holding of a military meeting. Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz signed an order to call up up to 25,000 troops from the reserve for “operational purposes.” The country's army continued to strike at Gaza, and also involved special forces and artillery during the operation. According to the military, by Saturday night they managed to destroy the site for launching missiles of the “Islamic Jihad” in Khan Younis and disable a missile launcher. Israel also announced attacks on warehouses and workshops for the production of weapons, firing positions of the group.

Lapid made a televised address to the population, in which he stated that the operation would last several days. “Israel is not interested in prolonged hostilities in the Gaza Strip, but is not afraid of them. I rely on the Israeli society and I am sure that it will give broad support to the security forces. We will act as long as it takes,»— he added.

Massive rocket fire on Israel

On Friday evening, Gaza launched rocket attacks on Israel. Air raid sirens went off in the country's border regions with the enclave, including the large city of Ashkelon. By midnight, about 118 rockets had been fired at Israel, the Israeli army said. According to the military, 11 rockets did not reach Israel and landed in Gaza. The remaining missiles were either intercepted by the Iron Dome air defense system or fell in open areas. It was also reported about one rocket that fell in the area under construction in the city of Sderot. This area is not inhabited, the shell only damaged the fence.

There were no dead or wounded as a result of the shelling. However, The Times of Israel reported four people who suffered minor injuries after falling while running towards an air raid shelter in Ashkelon. Another person received psychological help. None of them required hospitalization. Hospitals in the border areas transferred patients in serious condition to more protected premises during the shelling.

Air raid sirens went off again early Saturday morning in the cities of Sderot, Nir Am, Nahal Oz, Kfar Aza, Nitsamyn and Kerem Shalom. There were no reports of missile strikes or casualties. The Israeli Interior Ministry has closed beaches in several cities, including Ashdod and Ashkelon.

Reaction from the international community

On Friday evening, the Israeli Defense Minister discussed with his American counterpart Lloyd Austin the conduct of Operation Dawn. by phone. US Ambassador to Israel Tom Nides said that the state has the right to self-defense. “The United States firmly believes that Israel has the right to defend itself. We maintain contacts with various parties and call on all parties to calm,— he wrote on Twitter.

UN Special Representative for the Middle East Settlement Thor Vennesland said that he was deeply alarmed by the aggravation between Israel and Gaza, placed responsibility on the parties to the conflict and urged them to avoid further escalation. “The UN is fully cooperating with all stakeholders in an attempt to avoid further conflict, which will have devastating consequences, mainly for the civilian population,” — he said.

Daily News Egypt, citing high-ranking Egyptian officials, said that Cairo is conducting “intense negotiations”; with the parties to the conflict and calls on them to exercise restraint. Also during the contacts, the country asked Israel to immediately stop the attacks on Gaza. Qatar, Turkey and Jordan condemned Israel's actions.

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China announces new firing exercises

China will conduct new exercises with firing in the Yellow Sea from August 6 to 15. Maneuvers will be held in the southern part of the Yellow Sea until August 15. This week, the shooting exercises near Taiwan, which China began after Pelosi's visit to the island, should end. The US, Australia and Japan have previously called for them to stop media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/6/05/756597775634056.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

China's People's Liberation Army began a new live-fire military exercise on August 6, CGTN reported, citing the country's Maritime Security Administration.

The maneuvers are taking place in the southern part of the Yellow Sea and will last until August 15.

At the same time, China is conducting exercises in the air and in the waters near Taiwan, accompanied by shooting maneuvers will continue until Sunday, August 7th. As part of the exercise, Beijing has already worked out strikes on the Taiwan Strait, and also launched 11 ballistic missiles, five of which landed in the exclusive economic zone of Japan.

The military maneuvers were China's response to the visit of US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan, who visited the island on August 2 as part of an Asian tour. Beijing considers the island, which declared independence from China in 1949, its territory. The Chinese authorities sharply criticized Pelosi's visit, saying that she challenged the world, deliberately committed a provocation and violated the “one China” principle. Beijing has suspended US cooperation in a number of areas and decided to impose sanctions against Pelosi.

Washington insists that Pelosi's arrival does not contradict the “one China” principle; and does not mean a change in US policy towards China. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken warned that Beijing's suspension of US-China dialogue on some issues, including climate change, would have long-term consequences. He called the measures taken by China as part of military exercises disproportionate to Pelosi's peaceful visit to Taiwan.

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Concerns about China's actions were also expressed by the authorities of Australia and Japan, who called on the country to stop the exercises. Taiwan said that Beijing “seeks to solve the problem by force, not by peaceful means,” and its actions pose a threat to the island's major ports. In connection with the maneuvers of the PRC, the military of Taiwan increased the level of combat readiness.

The Kremlin said that military exercises near Taiwan— “China's sovereign right”. The Russian authorities also condemned Pelosi's visit to the island, calling it an “unnecessary provocation”.

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Numbers and passports: what caused a new conflict between Serbia and Kosovo

On the border of Serbia and Kosovo before August 1, clashes and shooting began. In Kosovo, they were going to introduce a ban on Serbian documents and car numbers. How the conflict developed and is there a risk of its resumption – in the RBC video

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Europe has solved the problem of gas shortages: a country friendly to the Russian Federation will provide record deliveries

The EU assures that gas imports from Russia have decreased from 40% to 20%.

Europe has found a way to partially solve the problem of shortage of natural gas, which was formed in the context of the energy crisis. This was caused by anti-Russian sanctions imposed due to the special operation of the Russian Federation in Ukraine.

According to Haber7, Europe has relied on Azerbaijan, which will increase the supply of “blue fuel” to 11 billion cubic meters.

The country wants to break the record of natural gas supplies in 2022 – up to 9.1 billion cubic meters.

In 2023, the figure will reach 11 billion cubic meters, InoSMI writes.

According to media reports, Azerbaijan has come to replace Russia and is already increasing gas supplies.

Against this backdrop, EU Foreign and Security Policy Chief Josep Borrell confirmed that they have made progress in buying fuel from Norway, Algeria and Azerbaijan.

“The harsh reality is that this winter we are approaching the limit of how much additional gas we can buy from non-Russian sources. Thus, the main part will have to fall on energy savings, that is, demand reduction”, – said Borrell.

At the same time, Russia's share of gas imports dropped from 40% to 20%. And this is due to an increase in the volume of purchases of liquefied natural gas (LNG), its share in consumption has only doubled.

In mid-July, a memorandum on partnership in the energy sector was signed between Azerbaijan and the European Commission.

< p>The EU continues to talk about increasing gas supplies, the Southern Gas Corridor is of particular importance in relations with Azerbaijan.

Recall that the Southern Gas Corridor is the supply of natural gas to Europe from the regions of the Caspian Sea and the Middle East.

As Topnews wrote earlier, Gazprom announced problems with the supply of turbines for Nord Stream – its delivery is not possible due to the sanctions of Canada, the EU and the UK.

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Russian Armed Forces destroyed a platoon of MLRS “Alder” and HIMARS in the Kharkiv region

The Russian military managed to destroy a platoon of Ukrainian MLRS “Alder” and HIMARS in the Kharkiv region, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense.

According to the information of the Russian military department, multiple launch rocket systems of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were identified and destroyed in the vicinity of the village of Pyatigorskoye during a counter-battery fight.

Also it is reported about the suppression of five platoons of the Grad MLRS, three platoons of the Gvozdika self-propelled guns, four platoons of D-30 howitzers and a platoon of Giacint-B guns, which were discovered by the Russian military in the territory of the Nikolaev region and the  DNR.< /p>

Earlier it was reported that the RF Armed Forces suppressed four platoons of Gvozdika guns; and three platoons of D-30 howitzers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the territory of the DPR.

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Hockey referee Sergei Karabanov passed away

The famous hockey referee Sergei Karabanov has passed away, he was 57 years old, according to the website of the Russian Hockey Federation (FHR).

Karabanov began his refereeing career in 1985 at children's matches commands. As the main arbiter, he adjudicated two Euroleague tournaments, three European Champions Cup finals, three youth world championships and four adult world championships. In total, he played more than 680 matches at the highest level.

After the end of his refereeing career, Karabanov worked as an inspector of the FHR. In 2000, he received a prize for the best referee of the Russian hockey championship.

The federation expressed its condolences to the family, friends and colleagues of Sergei Karabanov.

Earlier it was reported about the death of the honored coach of Russia in football Georgy Yartsev. He died at the age of 74 at home.

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Kursk Governor reported an attempted sabotage at a military airfield

Kursk governor Starovoit announced the suppression of sabotage attempts at a military airfield The sabotage attempt occurred at one of the local airfields where the military is based, said Roman Starovoit. He did not provide details, but again urged residents not to use drones /webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/2/09/756597817188092.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Roman Starovoit

At the airfield in the Kursk region, an attempted sabotage was prevented, Governor of the region Roman Starovoit said in his Telegram. According to him, there are no casualties and no damage.

Starovoit noted that the airfield is now closed to receive civilian aircraft, the military is based there. He did not give details of what happened, saying that experts are investigating the circumstances.

The head of the region urged local residents to “treat the current situation with understanding”; and do not use quadcopters and other drones. Back in mid-July, the authorities urged citizens not to launch them in order to avoid the risk of breakdowns and reduce the burden on the security forces.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine on February 24, the Kursk authorities have reported shelling of border posts and border villages on the Ukrainian side. A yellow (high) level of terrorist threat has been in effect on the territory of the region since April 11. They set up observation points with the military and police and increased patrolling of settlements. At the end of May, the Ministry of Defense sent additional forces and weapons to the region to ensure security.

Other regions bordering Ukraine also strengthened security measures. In particular, in the Belgorod region, an emergency regime was introduced in two settlements, and local residents were settled in hotels. In five districts of the region, which are located in a five-kilometer border zone, schools and kindergartens will be temporarily closed, and children will be transferred to other institutions.

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Borrell invited the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo to Brussels for talks

The head of EU diplomacy Borrell invited the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo to talks in Brussels Negotiations between Kosovo and Serbia in Brussels may take place on 18 August. Earlier, Borrell welcomed Pristina's decision to postpone until September the decision on non-recognition of Serbian documents image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/2/21/756597814141212.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/2/21/756597814141212.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi) " >

Josep Borrell

The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, announced on his Twitter that he had invited the presidents of Serbia and the partially recognized Kosovo Aleksandar Vučić and Albin Kurti to Brussels for talks.

The meeting is expected to be where the leaders will discuss “the way forward” between Belgrade and Pristina, will be held on August 18.

Borrell had previously urged the parties to dialogue, saying his absence had led to tensions between Serbia and Kosovo. The situation in the region escalated on July 31, on the eve of the introduction by the Kosovo authorities of a ban on personal documents and license plates issued in Serbia. Pristina decided to take such measures in response to the actions of Belgrade, which does not recognize the certificates issued by Kosovo.

Against this background, Vucic accused Kosovo of preparing an operation against the Serbs living in the north of the republic. In the evening of the same day, air raid alerts went off on the border between Kosovo and Serbia; the Kosovo authorities deployed special forces to the border crossings, and the Serbs began to build barricades. The NATO-led international force (KFOR), responsible for ensuring security in Kosovo, has declared its readiness to intervene in the conflict if stability in the region is threatened.

Due to the escalation, Kosovo delayed passing a law to terminate the Serbian documents until 1 September; Borrell welcomed Pristina's decision. The next day, Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selakovich said that the situation in the region had calmed down, but remained “very, very fragile.”

Russian authorities say they support Serbia (Moscow does not recognize Kosovo), presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov called “absolutely absurd” Pristina's plans to ban Serbian documents. According to Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Gabriel Escobar, the actions of “some politicians and some actors who operate inside the Balkans” led to destabilization.

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Erdogan invited Putin to meet with Zelensky in Turkey

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan expressed hope that the situation in Ukraine will be resolved at the negotiating table, and considered it necessary to take steps to resume negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv in Istanbul< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/4/92/756597820037924.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan invited his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to hold a meeting in Turkey with Ukrainian leader Vladimir Zelensky. Erdogan stated this in an interview with Turkish media after a visit to Russia, TRT Haber TV channel reports.

“I once again reminded Mr. Putin that we can hold his meeting with Mr. Zelensky. We will continue to develop our dialogue with our Black Sea neighbor, Russia, in all areas in order to contribute to regional and global peace,— said the Turkish leader.

He expressed hope that, despite the difficulties, the Ukrainian crisis will be resolved at the negotiating table. Erdogan called the conclusion of a deal on the export of grain from Ukraine as an example of a positive result of the dialogue between Russia and Turkey and considered it necessary to take steps to return the parties to the negotiations in Istanbul.

Negotiations between Putin and Erdogan were held in Sochi on August 5, the meeting lasted about four hours. As a result, the presidents adopted a joint statement. They agreed to transfer part of the payment for Russian gas supplies to Turkey into rubles, to defend the sovereignty of Libya and the territorial integrity of Syria, and to fight terrorism on its territory together. The leaders of Turkey and Russia also called for the full implementation of the agreement on grain exports, including the supply of Russian food and fertilizers to the world market.

Moscow and Kyiv started talks on a peaceful settlement days after the launch of Russia's special operation in Ukraine. Their important stage was the meeting of the delegates of the two countries at the end of March in Istanbul, Putin called its results a “breakthrough”, but already in April he reported that the dialogue had stalled due to the departure of the Ukrainian authorities from the initial agreements. In mid-May, Moscow and Kyiv completely suspended negotiations.

At the end of July, Russia and Ukraine separately entered into an agreement with Turkey and the UN on the export of grain from three Ukrainian ports— Odessa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny. According to the document, representatives of Turkey and the UN will monitor the loading of grain, and check the ships at the entrance and exit— coordination center, which included Ankara, Moscow, Kyiv and the UN. The first cargo ship left the port of Odessa on August 1.

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Azerbaijan increases pressure in Karabakh

What are the goals pursued by Baku This week the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh escalated. Russian peacekeepers confirmed that Azerbaijan violated the ceasefire regime. What is Baku trying to achieve and is Yerevan ready to make concessions? image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/9/46/756596971547469.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi) " >

Exacerbation in Karabakh

On Wednesday, August 3, in the Lachin region of Nagorno-Karabakh, through which the only road connecting Armenia and the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) passes, a battle began with losses on both sides. The Armenian and Azerbaijani sides accused each other of provocations.

“Azerbaijani units, grossly violating the ceasefire regime, using mortars, grenade launchers and attack UAVs, fired at military positions and the place of permanent residence of one of the military units,” — announced in Stepanakert. Two Armenians died and 14 were injured.

Baku claims that the aggravation was provoked by the Armenians, who “on the morning of August 3 subjected to intensive shelling the positions of the Azerbaijani army in the Lachin direction.” Because of this, an Azerbaijani soldier died. In response to the death of its military, Baku announced a short and symbolic operation “Retribution”. “As a result, the heights of Girkhgiz were taken under control, as well as Sarybaba along the Karabakh ridge and a number of other important dominant heights,” — the Azerbaijani side said. NKR President Arayik Harutyunyan signed a decree on the beginning of partial mobilization in the unrecognized republic amid the escalation.

The next day, Russian peacekeepers issued a statement that the Azerbaijani side opened fire first. “Over the past 24 hours, four violations of the ceasefire regime were recorded in the areas of the Sarybaba and Buzduh mountains, as well as in the Mardakert region, by the Azerbaijani Armed Forces in the zone of responsibility of the Russian peacekeeping contingent,” — according to the newsletter of the Russian contingent. The day before, in a report dated August 3, the Russians also recorded a violation of the ceasefire by the Azerbaijani side. And three more violations in the August 2 report.

In Yerevan, the actions of the peacekeepers were criticized. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said on Thursday that he expects Russian peacekeepers to stop any attempt to violate the line of contact. According to him, a number of events that have taken place in Nagorno-Karabakh since November 2020, including recent days, “raise questions in the Armenian society about the content and essence of the peacekeeping mission in Nagorno-Karabakh.”

Azerbaijan's dissatisfaction with the fact that the Armenian side is in no hurry to build its section of the road around Lachin led to an escalation, a Russian diplomatic source told RBC. On the eve of the escalation, NKR President Arayik Harutyunyan also spoke about Baku demanding the construction of a road from the Armenian side. The Azerbaijanis, he said, conveyed their demand through Russian peacekeepers. Azerbaijan has already built its 32 kilometers bypass route (it bypasses Lachin and comes to the Armenian border south of the old road). The Armenian side needs to build only nine kilometers already on the territory of Armenia, a source in Moscow told RBC. However, the problem is not only in laying the roadway. Key communications also run along the old highway: a gas pipeline, power lines and an Internet cable.

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The day after the start of a new aggravation, Armenian Minister of Territorial Administration and Infrastructure Gnel Sanosyan said that the road would be ready by next spring. Yerevan believes that the issue of laying a new route is not urgent. The terms of the tripartite declaration that stopped the war in November 2020 speak in favor of the Armenians. According to the sixth point of the statement, the route bypassing Lachin must be approved within three years after the end of the war, that is, before November 2023. Until then, the Lachin corridor will ensure the connection between Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia. After the construction of the new road, the Russian peacekeeping contingent should be redeployed, and Lachin should come under the full control of Azerbaijan.

Negotiations in Moscow

Azerbaijan is dissatisfied not only with the fact that Armenia is in no hurry to build a road bypassing Lachin. Since the end of the war, the parties have made virtually no progress towards a peaceful settlement. The status of Karabakh is still unclear, transport communications in the region have not been unfrozen, the delimitation of the new border between Armenia and Azerbaijan has not even begun. In addition, Baku demands the demilitarization of Nagorno-Karabakh, that is, “the complete withdrawal of Armenian troops from there and the disarmament of illegal Armenian armed formations.” Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan denies Azerbaijan's accusations. “There is not a single Armenian soldier in Nagorno-Karabakh, no matter how Azerbaijan manipulates this topic,” — he declared on August 4.

Towards the end of August, a meeting of a trilateral working group (members of the vice-premiers) is planned in Moscow, which is just discussing the unfreezing of communications in the region, interlocutors from the Russian and Armenian sides told RBC. However, they note, the negotiations were in jeopardy due to the escalation in Karabakh. The construction of a road through the territory of Armenia, which will connect Azerbaijan and Nakhichevan, refers to the ninth point of the tripartite statement. “All economic and transport links in the region are being unblocked. The Republic of Armenia guarantees the security of transport communication between the western regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic,— it says.

After more than a year and a half, the parties continue to discuss the customs regime and conditions for transit for Armenians and Azerbaijanis through each other's countries. At the same time, Yerevan has not yet submitted a feasibility study (feasibility study) of the project, and without this it is impossible to start construction, says RBC's interlocutor in Moscow. In Armenia, they insist that all security issues must first be resolved and the rules of passage must be determined, and only after that proceed with construction.

According to the interlocutor of RBC in Yerevan, then & mdash; in August or September— A meeting of the commission on delimitation, set up in May, is also planned. These two events can be held simultaneously, because the delimitation commissions of Armenia and Azerbaijan are headed by the same vice-premiers who supervise the negotiations in the trilateral working group,— Mher Grigoryan and Shahin Mustafayev. This will be her first working meeting since inception.

In addition to discussing the unfreezing of roads and delimitation, Yerevan and Baku continue at the highest level through intermediaries— Brussels and Moscow— negotiate a peace treaty. Moscow's proposal combines approaches from the basic principles that the countries presented in April. Yerevan and Baku agree 90% on the terms of the peace proposed by Moscow, the problem lies in the status of Nagorno-Karabakh, says a Russian diplomatic source.

Before the 2020 war, Yerevan always argued that the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic could not be within Azerbaijan. After the defeat, such statements were heard only from Stepanakert. Last week, Secretary of the Armenian Security Council Armen Grigoryan stated that the Karabakh problem is not a territorial issue, but a security and rights issue for the Armenians of Karabakh. In April, RBC reported that such a change in emphasis could also be interpreted as Yerevan's agreement to discuss the rights of Armenians in Karabakh, an autonomy within Azerbaijan.

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An attempt was made on the deputy head of the administration of Nova Kakhovka

The deputy head of the pro-Russian administration of Nova Kakhovka was hospitalized after the assassination attempt According to preliminary data, Vitaly Gur was shot from a Makarov pistol near his house. The official was taken to the hospital, he is in serious condition< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/7/04/756597868222047.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Vitaliy Gura

In the Kherson region, an attempt was made on the life of the deputy head of the pro-Russian Novokakhovskaya administration for housing and communal services Vitaliy Gura, a RIA Novosti source reports. The information was confirmed by TASS with reference to local authorities.

According to the agency, unknown people opened fire near Gur's house, and the official was allegedly shot from a Makarov pistol. Spent shell casings were found at the scene.

Gur was taken to the hospital. “He is in the hospital with numerous bullet wounds, his condition is grave,” — TASS was informed in the military-civilian administration (CAA) of the Kakhovka region.

In March, shortly after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, Russian troops took control of the Kherson region. A pro-Russian military-civilian administration appeared in the region, headed by Vladimir Saldo.

On August 4, Saldo announced that he had been hospitalized after a medical examination. According to the CAA, he fell ill as a result of “the most severe overexertion, physical and mental,” in the past six months. The next day, they decided to bring him to Moscow for treatment.

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At the end of June, representatives of the Kherson State Administration reported an explosion that killed the head of the regional department of youth and sports, Dmitry Savluchenko; The authorities called the incident a terrorist attack. Earlier this month, according to Russian news agencies, the head of the Kherson Department of the Penitentiary Service (USIN), Yevgeny Sobolev, was injured in a car bomb explosion.

Ukraine considers the southern coastal areas, which are now under the control of the Russian army, occupied; in July, President Volodymyr Zelensky ordered their recapture. In early August, he replaced the head of the Kherson Regional State Administration, this position was taken by Yaroslav Yanushevich (formerly Deputy Chairman of the State Migration Service and the State Financial Inspectorate of Ukraine).

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Bulgaria will continue to issue visas to Russians, but will increase the processing time

Bulgaria continues to issue tourist visas to Russians, but due to technical reasons, the terms for the provision of services have increased, the embassy said. In ATOR, after the expulsion of Bulgarian diplomats, they reported about the suspension of the acceptance of documents webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/5/80/756597869921805.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Embassy of Bulgaria in Moscow

Bulgaria continues to issue tourist visas to Russians, however, the terms for the provision of services have increased due to technical reasons, the Bulgarian embassy in Moscow reported, TASS reports.

“The consulate at the embassy is working, and the issuance of tourist visas to Russian citizens has not stopped. At the moment, due to technical reasons, we are working in an unusual mode, the terms for providing services are longer than usual, but we are working»,— specified in the diplomatic department.

Earlier, the Association of Tour Operators of Russia announced the suspension of the acceptance of Russian documents for tourist visas and visas for property owners at the Bulgarian consulate. According to ATOR, the consulate notified the tour operators of the decision, adding that it was temporary and was made “due to the current emergency.”

On August 5, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced a decision to expel 14 Bulgarian diplomats in response to the expulsion of 70 Russian diplomats by Sofia at the end of June. Also, the Bulgarian authorities temporarily closed the Russian Embassy and Consulate General in Varna, as well as the Russian Consulate General in Ruse due to lack of staff.

After these actions, Russian Ambassador to Bulgaria Eleonora Mitrofanova allowed a break in diplomatic relations with Sofia and announced that she would ask the Russian leadership to close the embassy there. The decision on this issue will be taken by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The head of the Russian diplomatic department, Sergei Lavrov, has already noted that as a result of Bulgaria's actions, “the embassy is not able to work normally.” In turn, in the European Union, Russia's threat to close the diplomatic mission in Sofia was considered unfounded.

At the same time, at the end of July, Bulgarian Tourism Minister Hristo Prodanov indicated that the first five months of this year, the flow of tourists to the country from Russia increased by 3.9 times compared to the same period last year.

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Erdogan confirms agreement to pay for Russian gas in rubles

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said earlier that Moscow and Ankara agreed to start partially paying for Russian gas in rubles 756597873119120.webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/0/12/756597873119120.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian leader Vladimir Putin agreed on payments for Russian gas in rubles during talks in Sochi. Erdogan said this in an interview with Turkish media after a visit to Russia. The day before, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak announced such agreements.

“We agreed with Putin on payment in rubles (for natural gas trade). We hope that this will bring financial benefits to both countries,— he said (quote from Anadolu).

Speaking of the talks, Erdogan also mentioned the topic of using Russian Mir cards in Turkey.

“There is also a map” World ” Russia. Now five of our banks are working on it. There are also very serious developments here,»,— said the Turkish leader, noting that during his visit to Sochi, negotiations were held between the leadership of the central banks of Russia and Turkey.

The fact that Moscow and Ankara agreed to start partially paying for gas supplies from Russia in rubles was announced on August 5 by Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak. According to him, the parties are discussing a gradual transition to settlements in national currencies. He called it a new stage and a new opportunity, including for the development of monetary and financial relations between the two countries.

Russia supplies gas to Turkey through the Blue Stream pipelines. and Turkish Stream. At the end of 2021, the volume of supplies amounted to 26.76 billion cubic meters. As Gazprom noted, this is 63% more than a year earlier.

Read on RBC Pro Pro x The Economist Inflation 160%: why the Turkish authorities cannot contain price increases from banner blindness: what advertising is most effective today Articles Pro Companies change software at extreme speeds. What Mistakes They Make How To Pro Alibaba Founder Jack Ma: “I Want To Die On The Beach, Not In The Office” along the Blue Stream started in 2003, the annual capacity of the project— 16 bcm m of gas. In 2021, the maximum volume of gas delivered to it since the start of operation— 15.98 bcm m, reported “Gazprom Export”.

“Turkish Stream” launched in early 2020. The first string of the gas pipeline is intended for Turkish consumers, the second— for the countries of Southern and South-Eastern Europe. The total capacity of the two lines is 31.5 billion cubic meters. mv year.

In the spring, against the backdrop of Western sanctions, Russian President Vladimir Putin converted gas payments for unfriendly countries (Turkey does not belong to them) into rubles. A number of European countries, including Bulgaria, the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland and Latvia, refused to pay under the proposed scheme, and Gazprom suspended deliveries there.

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The Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the demand of the Ambassador of Ukraine to return the property of the USSR populist

The Russian Foreign Ministry called populist the demand of the Ukrainian ambassador to Britain to return the property of the USSR Russia has ownership rights to foreign property of the USSR, the issue has been finally settled, the Foreign Ministry said Earlier, Ambassador Prystaiko said that Ukraine has not ratified the agreement on the exchange of assets to pay the debt of the republics ” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/8/04/756597880105048.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi) " >webp” type=”image/webp”>

< /p> Vadym Prystaiko

The words of the Ambassador of Ukraine to the UK Vadym Prystaiko, who demanded that Moscow return part of the foreign assets of the USSR, have no basis and are populist in nature, RBC was told in the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

The department noted that from the point of view of international law, the USSR as its subject continued to exist: “The state called” USSR ” did not stop, but continued its international legal personality under the name “Russian Federation”. To designate this kind of phenomena in international law, the concept of “continuation” is used.

The status of Russia as the legal successor of the USSR was recognized by the international

community and confirmed by the International Court of Justice, the Foreign Ministry said. The country assumed obligations to pay off the external state debt of the USSR, repaid it without the help of Ukraine and other former Soviet republics, and has property rights to foreign property of the Soviet Union, they added.

« We consider this issue as finally settled, the results of the re-registration of Soviet foreign real estate to the Russian Federation are not subject to revision,— concluded the department.

On August 1, Prystaiko said that after the collapse of the USSR, Russia “offered all the republics to forget about debts.” Union in exchange for all its foreign property, and Ukraine became the only republic that did not ratify the agreement. According to the diplomat, Kyiv asked Moscow to disclose full data on Soviet assets and debts, but Russia did not. Now Ukraine is demanding the return of “at least a third of what is abroad”, including some properties in the UK (as The Times wrote, there are 18 Russian-owned properties in the country that could be confiscated as a frozen asset and transferred to Ukraine, which suffered in the the result of hostilities).

In the early 1990s, Russia took on foreign debt obligations of the former Soviet republics in exchange for their share of the foreign property of the Soviet Union. As of January 1994, the debt of the former USSR amounted to $104.5 billion. In 2017, the Ministry of Finance announced the repayment of the last debt— Russia transferred $125 million to Bosnia and Herzegovina for goods supplied from the Union Yugoslavia to the USSR.

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At the end of 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Moscow had paid off all Soviet debts, but “far from all” the republics of the former USSR transferred to it the assets of the Soviet Union. Among these countries, Putin named Ukraine. “We, in my opinion, paid 16 billion for Ukraine alone,” — he said in February 2020.

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Amnesty International defended the report on the crimes of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Amnesty International defends report on Kyiv's violation of the laws of war The human rights organization notified the government of Ukraine in late July of its findings and reported violations by the Ukrainian military, but received no response from it< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/9/34/756597903967349.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi) " >

The human rights organization Amnesty International adheres to the conclusions of its report on Ukraine's violation of the laws of war and international humanitarian law. This is reported by TASS with reference to the organization.

“We consider it fundamentally important to respond impartially. <…> Ignoring the violations committed by either side in any conflict will not be persuasive reporting on the state of human rights,— says the statement.

The organization said that on July 29 they sent a letter to the government of Ukraine. It listed numerous towns and villages where violations had been documented and provided GPS coordinates for 24 locations, including schools and hospitals that housed Ukrainian soldiers.

“We told the government that we would publish our findings , and asked them to provide any response by August 3, but did not receive a response,— told the agency at Amnesty International.

The organization also drew attention to the fact that the publication of a report on violations by the Ukrainian side of the laws of war does not mean that it justifies Russia's actions.

Amnesty International published a report on August 4, which said that the Ukrainian military is placing military equipment and weapons in schools, hospitals and residential areas, turning them into military targets. Thus, they endanger the lives of the civilian population, violating international humanitarian law and the laws of warfare, the conclusions of human rights activists said.

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The director of the Ukrainian office of Amnesty International, Oksana Pokalchuk, announced her resignation on August 5. According to her, she still had hope that the Ukrainian side would be able to convey its position to the organization, after which the text would be deleted, and a new one would appear instead. she added.

Pokalchuk noted that Amnesty International staff contacted the military department, but gave “too little time to respond.”

At the Russian embassy in turn, the United States positively assessed the report and noted that it should help the audience draw the “right conclusions”.

The Russian Ministry of Defense has repeatedly accused the Ukrainian Armed Forces of using residential and social facilities to accommodate troops and equipment. For example, on August 4, the department reported that the Ukrainian military used for this a school in Novaya Vodolaha, Kharkiv region, a technical school in Slavyansk, the DPR, and a children's music school in Varvarovka, Mykolaiv region.

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Taiwan says at least 20 Chinese warplanes are approaching the island

< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/9/20/756597949133209.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi) " >

Chinese military fighter J-11

At least 20 Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force aircraft entered the Taiwan Air Defense Identification Zone during the exercise. The Ministry of Defense announced this on its Twitter (the social network was blocked at the request of the prosecutor's office).

As follows from the report, ten Su-30 fighters, four J-16 and J-11 each, as well as a Y-8 electronic reconnaissance aircraft and a Y-20 air tanker, entered the air defense coverage area. The Taiwanese military responded by issuing radio warnings and deploying anti-aircraft missiles.

Chinese aircraft are flying as part of an exercise announced in response to US Congress Speaker Nancy Pelosi's Aug. 2 visit to Taipei . China considers Taiwan its own territory. Chinese authorities sharply criticized Pelosi's visit, saying that she challenged the world, deliberately committed a provocation and violated the “one China” principle. Beijing suspended US cooperation in several areas and decided to impose sanctions on Pelosi.

Washington insists that Pelosi's arrival does not contradict the principle of “one China” and does not mean a change in US policy towards China. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken warned that Beijing's suspension of US-China dialogue on some issues, including climate change, would have long-term consequences. He called the measures taken by China as part of military exercises disproportionate to Pelosi's peaceful visit to Taiwan.

Moscow also condemned Pelosi's visit. According to presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, tensions in the region and around Taiwan were “artificially provoked.” “It was a completely unnecessary visit and an unnecessary provocation,” — he noted.

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The deputy head of the CAA of the Kakhovka district was put in intensive care after the assassination attempt

< /p> Vitaly Gura

Deputy head of the military-civilian administration (CAA) of the Kakhovka district Vitaly Gur is in intensive care after an assassination attempt on him. This was reported by TASS with reference to Kirill Stremousov, Deputy Head of the Kherson Regional State Administration.

“He is in the hospital in serious condition, in intensive care. We do not confirm death,»,— Stremousov answered a question about Gur's condition.

Earlier, VGTRK correspondent Yuri Kotenok wrote on his Telegram channel that Gur died during transportation to the Crimea.

The material is being supplemented.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry called for a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict escalated again on August 5, after a series of Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip as part of an operation against the Islamic Jihad group

The Russian Foreign Ministry is seriously concerned about the escalation the situation in the Gaza Strip and calls on all parties to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict to return to the ceasefire, the statement said the official representative of the department, Maria Zakharova. On August 5, Israel launched air strikes on Gaza, after which retaliatory shelling began from there.

“We call on all parties involved to exercise maximum restraint, prevent the escalation of hostilities and immediately return to a sustainable ceasefire,” The statement reads.

An end to violence is possible only through negotiations, as a result of which the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people to establish an independent state within the borders of 1967 should be realized, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict escalated again on August 5, when the Israeli army launched air strikes on the Gaza Strip as part of Operation Dawn. against the terrorist group “Islamic Jihad” banned in Russia. During it, the commander of the northern brigade of the military wing of the group was eliminated. The Gaza Ministry of Health reported that 10 people died as a result of Israeli strikes, 55— were injured.

“Islamic Jihad” — is a paramilitary Islamist group that wants to create an independent Palestinian Islamic state and destroy Israel in a jihad. It was founded in the 1970s by Sunnis from the Muslim Brotherhood terrorist movement. (banned in Russia).

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Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid stated that Operation Dawn aims to “eliminate a specific threat to the citizens of Israel.” The ruling Hamas movement in Gaza called Israel's actions an act of aggression, and the leader of the Islamic Jihad Ziyad al-Nahkhala said that there would be no truce after the airstrikes.

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