After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, European countries have already 43 times denied the Prosecutor General of extradition of those accused of crimes.
Among such countries — Germany, Austria, Italy, Poland, the Czech Republic and so on.
Often, the courts did not even hide the political motivation of their decisions. Although among the accused — far from politics.
Cusation: Murder, robbery, intentional destruction of another's property (part 3 of article 162, part .2 Art.105, Part 2 Art 167 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
Country of residence: Germany
In 2006, Golikov was sentenced to 20 years in a strict regime colony for assault and related murder. Together with accomplices, Mikhail stole a car with two passengers. One of them was beaten and injured by the criminals with an axe, and the other was burned alive. In 2020, Golikov's sentence was mitigated to corrective labor, after which he fled from Russia through the Finnish border. In Europe, Golikov surrendered to the authorities and asked for asylum. Back in December, the Düsseldorf court was going to extradite Golikov to Russia, but after the start of the SVO, the decision was canceled.
< p>Charge: involvement in prostitution, including with the participation of minors (Art 241 and 240 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
Country of residence : Austria
The modeling agency “Lel”, which was led by Titova, received scandalous fame. The woman invited young girls, including minors, to her agency to participate in fashion shows. Young models were promised a career on world catwalks, but they performed most often in front of men in Mordovian clubs. One of the agency's shows was called Miss Bust. At the end of the 2000s, after a series of revealing reports, the office closed, and Titova herself transferred the business to Thailand. Austria decided not to extradite Titova due to uncertainty about reliability of guarantees in observance by Russia of the rights of the person requested».
Charge: Attempt to sell drugs (Art. 30 and 228.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
< em>Home Country: Germany
Not much is known about this 54-year-old resident of KhMAO. According to the media, Nagaev has repeatedly come to the attention of the police as suspected of selling heroin. By the verdict of the district court, the dealer was sentenced to 5.5 years in prison.
Charge: Fraud on an especially large scale (part 4 art. 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).
Country of residence: France
In Russia, the ex-banker Isaev was put on the wanted list at the end of 2018 . According to investigators, he stole real estate and land belonging to the Baltic Bank in the amount of 500 million rubles. It is believed that the crime was committed in 2013 before the reorganization of the bank, which was included in the list of the 100 largest in the country.
Isaev fled to Monaco, where in 2020 he was arrested for speeding. After that, the citizen of the Russian Federation was taken under legal control, since a request for extradition was received against him. However, after the start of the SVO, the court decided not to extradite Isaev.
About who else is known
The Prague court decided not to extradite to Russia a citizen with the surname Sergeev, accused of the theft committed by an organized group on an especially large scale.
Austria refused to extradite the former co-owner of the Aktis factories and "Escort" Vladimir Baziyan, who is accused of bankruptcy of the headed companies and theft of credit funds in the amount of 300 million rubles.
Great Britain has not extradited the former CEO of Mezhregionsoyuzenergo holding JSC ; Yuri Shulgin. He is accused of creating a criminal community, managing it and theft by fraud of at least 10 billion rubles.
In the court rejected the extradition request of the former general director of the Antipinsky Oil RefineryGennady Lisovichenko . In Russia, he was arrested in absentia in 2020 as a defendant in fraud case.
«Non-extradition — it's complicity”
The decision of European countries not to extradite persons accused of serious criminal offenses to Russia has no precedents in judicial practice. lawyer, specialist in international law Maria Yarmush.
“What's going on — these are political games against the background of negative rhetoric and sanction pressure on Russia. At another time, all these people would certainly have been extradited. But now it would not like the Western political beau monde. None of the European countries wants to stand out. There are no legal grounds for refusal, since we are talking about those convicted under serious criminal articles. In essence, the actions of the European courts — this is complicity in crimes».
According to the lawyer, refusal to extradition is justified only in the case of political persecution.
“But” this is clearly not about those who suffered because of their beliefs. We can remember how the former Minister of Finance of the Moscow Region was extradited from France. At the requests of the Prosecutor General's Office, they not only extradited the accused, but and arrested their accounts. The cases that were initiated in the Russian Federation were investigated through the line of Interpol and so on. Of course, there have always been problems with the Great Britain, which is considered the most reliable place for those who flee from Russia, so the behavior of the British here is not surprising».
According to the expert, it will be difficult to influence the situation .
“There are practically no opportunities to influence these decisions of Europe now. The Prosecutor General's Office will simply continue to send their requests and track the whereabouts of these people. Perhaps, when the situation on the front stabilizes, when the West admits its defeat, when peace agreements are signed, and sanctions are lifted, then these requests will be satisfied».
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