Destroyer. The last head of the KGB of the USSR Vadim Bakatin died

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

On the politicians of the late 1980s — In the early 1990s, the term “traitors” was often used. But if “betrayal” Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin— this is a cumulative subjective assessment of the activities of the last president of the USSR and the first president of Russia, then in the case of the last head of the KGB of the Soviet Union, we are talking about a very specific act.

How Soviet secrets were handed over at the US Embassy

Employees of domestic intelligence agencies still cringe when it comes to transferring the eavesdropping circuitry in the new building of the US Embassy in Moscow.

In December 1991, the country flew into hell, but even for those days it was an amazing act : Vadim Bakatin, head of the Inter-Republican State Security Service, which was renamed the KGB, presented the US Ambassador to the USSR James Collins with technical documentation on the listening system installed in the building on Novinsky Boulevard.

Viktor Ivanenko, who headed the special service under the President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin in 1991, twenty years later recalled this as follows: “For the KGB, it was a blow. To hand over the holy of holies — eavesdropping technique in the embassy, ​​if not the enemy, then the competitor! Bakatin justified himself: they say, the Americans knew about it anyway. Nothing like this! There was applied a completely new technology. The elements of the sound-conducting system were immured in bricks. We received them from foreign suppliers. It was know-how».

American diplomats made no secret of the fact that they did not count on such a level of openness. And the United States did not even think of making such reciprocal steps. Bakatin himself explained — he secured the approval of both Yeltsin and Gorbachev, and did this “to increase trust between the two countries.”

In Washington, they rubbed their hands with pleasure when they saw that all Soviet secrets would come to them for nothing.

“Gorbachev's man”

Bakatin was not a regular member of the special services and first got into the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and then into the KGB as a person who was supposed to become a counterbalance to the generals who were disillusioned with Gorbachev .

A native of the Novosibirsk region, Bakatin, with a diploma in civil engineering, rose in a decade and a half from a foreman to the chief engineer of the Kemerovo house-building plant. It is quite possible that he could have been useful in the construction industry for many years to come, but his superior comrades decided to nominate him along the party line.

Bakatin can be considered another big mistake of the legendary Yegor Ligachev. It was the author of the phrase “Boris, you're wrong” attracted the secretary of the Kemerovo Regional Committee to work in the capital. Then, after graduating from the Academy of Social Sciences under the Central Committee of the CPSU, Bakatin became the head of the Kirov region, becoming the first appointee of the Gorbachev period.

As a “Gorbachev's man”, Bakatin came to the post of head of the USSR years later, Mikhail Sergeevich dismissed him, deciding that he could not cope. However, Bakatin did not lose Gorbachev's favor.

Dismantler

In August 1991, during the period of the State Emergency Committee, Bakatin thanked the chief in full. He refused to join the leaders who removed Gorbachev and actually took the side of the opponents of the State Emergency Committee. Despite the fact that he personally announced his position to the head of the GKChP, Vice-President of the USSR Yanaev, no one began to arrest him. Such were the realities of this brief August “dictatorship.”

In gratitude for this, the winners appointed Bakatin head of the KGB of the USSR to replace the arrested General Kryuchkov. Russian leader Boris Yeltsin made no secret of the fact that Bakatin was given the task of dismantling the Committee, and he tried his best. The unified structure was divided, many highly qualified employees resigned themselves, someone from the “disloyal” Bakatin helped.

Someone was more lucky — foreign intelligence, separated into a separate structure, was headed by Yevgeny Primakov, who preserved the best personnel from defeat and betrayal. However, in general, the state security system was destroyed. And when on December 5, 1991, Bakatin handed over the wiretapping documents to the American ambassador, it became a clear demonstration of the bottom we had fallen into. Therefore, one should not be surprised that Bakatin's department, a few days later, calmly watched the signing of the Belovezhskaya Accords in Viskuli.

He had everything to meet his old age with dignity

On January 15, 1992, Yeltsin signed decree on the release of Bakatin from his post. As they say, the Moor has done his job, the Moor can leave. In fact, Bakatin stopped performing his duties at the end of December 1991.

Already in 1992, he published a book with the loud title “Getting rid of the KGB”. However, over time, Vadim Viktorovich began to evaluate his activities in 1991 much more modestly, because it became bad manners to brag about such things.

Leaving the field of public attention, Bakatin worked in various business structures and felt quite comfortable. After all, negative opinion — this is not a court verdict, so Vadim Viktorovich ended his days at large and with a clear conscience.

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Источник aif.ru

Vadim Bakatin died: what made the last chairman of the KGB of the USSR famous

Leading the most formidable special service, left it dilapidated

Vadim Bakatin, the last head of the State Security Committee (KGB) of the USSR, died at the age of 85. He headed the KGB after an unsuccessful attempt to take over the State Committee for the State of Emergency (GKChP), which lasted three days in August 1991. Then the KGB was still the most powerful intelligence agency in the world, which was feared by enemies and which could still save the USSR from collapse. In January 1992, when Bakanov was fired, the KGB was streamlined to incapacity.

Photo: ru.wikipedia.orgOlga Kuzischina.

Of course, it would be wrong to blame Bakanov for this. The last president of the USSR, Gorbachev, with his inaction, and the first president of Russia, Yeltsin, with their destructive activity, could have coped on their own. Nevertheless, Vadim Bakanov, about whom after his death one can speak either well or nothing but the truth, also had a hand in ensuring that everything ended the way it ended.

Here is the entry about him left in his Telegram channel by the Ukrainian politician, former deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Oleg Tsarev: “Yesterday, the last chairman of the KGB of the USSR, a member of the CPSU since 1964, Vadim Bakatin, died. In history, he will forever remain a man who betrayed his homeland, his father-front-line soldier, who handed over to the Americans the drawings of unique listening devices not found by the CIA in the US Embassy in Moscow.

The last fact is a vivid evidence of the era of perestroika, with its pink illusions, dreams of world peace and eternal friendship with everyone. For those illusions, by the way, which turned out to be a direct deception on the part of the “partners”, one has to pay today.

They say that, on the instructions of Gorbachev, Vadim Bakatin “as a sign of goodwill” handed over to the Americans the details of the construction of the building of the new US embassy. There, listening devices – “bugs” – were built into the armature and could not be detected in any way. After the transfer of special information to the Americans, the construction site was demolished. Building materials for the new building began to be supplied directly from the United States. All for the sake of friendship with the USA.

“I often think,” Oleg Tsarev continues, “why did all or very many of the last KGB leaders, generals, turn out to be traitors to the country and people? Bakatin, Kalugin in Moscow. Marchuk, Derkach, Vandin in Kyiv? Marchuk planned to seize power as early as 1995 at the behest of the United States. Derkach, an army general who led the SBU in 1998-2002, lived and died in the United States all the last years… The list of their “feats” can be continued for a very long time…. And the question – why did this happen, continues to torment … “

In turn, the writer and politician Zakhar Prilepin, shortly before the death of Bakatin, when comparing the founder of state security Dzerzhinsky and the “democratic chief of security (traitor) Bakatin”, clearly preferred not the last chairman of the KGB of the USSR.

Vadim Bakatin at the end of the USSR made a typical party career. Graduated from the Novosibirsk Civil Engineering Institute. Worked at a construction site. In 1973 he switched to party work. He was the first secretary of the Kirov, and then the Kemerovo regional committees of the CPSU, a member of the Central Committee of the party. In 1988, Gorbachev appointed him Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR. In 1991, he ran for the presidency of the RSFSR. Bakatin took the last place out of six candidates, Boris Yeltsin won.

The reform of the KGB under Bakatin led to the fact that the Foreign Intelligence Service, the Federal Security Service (FSO, the protection of the highest officials of the state) were separated from this special service into independent structures ) and even the Border Troops.

Bakatin will be buried at the Troekurovsky cemetery of the capital.

Источник www.mk.ru

Lukashenko announced the need to expand the functions of the KGB

Belarus intends to expand the functions of the KGB. In addition to the existing responsibilities for intelligence and counterintelligence, the authorities propose to create an information security department alt=”Lukashenko announced the need to expand the functions of the KGB” />

Alexander Lukashenko

The President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko announced the need to expand the functions of the “main intelligence service”— State Security Committee (KGB) of the country. The recording of his speech leads the Telegram channel “Pool of the First”, associated with the head of the Belarusian state.

“Recently, the committee has become more active. And we noticed that we do not need some light changes of the State Security Committee, but we need to add some other functions in accordance with the time, to the traditional events that they carry out, the traditional functions, the tasks that they solve,” ; Lukashenka said.

Video

According to Lukashenka, it is necessary to strengthen the current functions of the KGB (intelligence, counterintelligence, protection of the constitutional order, anti-terrorist activities), as well as create new directions of activity.

“Somewhere, perhaps, create new ones. Especially due to the information security that should be in the country, and the hybrid war that is launched not only against Belarus. It already exists all over the world, — Lukashenka noted.

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In early April, Lukashenka announced that the KGB had carried out a special operation in Ukraine “to free its citizens.” According to Lukashenka himself, during the special operation, the special services “did not fire a single shot.”

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Источник rbc.ru

Lukashenka told the details of the KGB special operation in Ukraine

According to Lukashenka, the special services worked “without firing a shot” and freed “several dozens” of Belarusian citizens who were stuck in Ukraine after the start of the Russian special operation. Two Belarusians were killed there, the president said

Alexander Lukashenko

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko awarded employees of the State Security Committee of the republic for “a special operation in Ukraine to free Belarusian citizens.” The video was published by the Telegram channel Pool of the First.

“I am grateful to you for the operation that you carried out to free our people from de facto captivity. Several dozens of Belarusian citizens, obviously not of their own free will, turned out to be hostages, and not only of the situation, but also of individual desires of the worst people in Ukraine, — said Lukashenka.

According to him, when Russia launched the “special operation”, “a few dozen of our people” remained in Ukraine, and they “should have been returned home to their families.” Two citizens, the president said, failed to return. “They were simply brazenly killed by the Ukrainians. The time will come, we will deal with them, & mdash; said Lukashenka.

He recalled that in early April, the special services carried out a special operation to return the Belarusians home. According to him, they worked “without firing a shot.” “A very noble cause for a military man. Without noise, without shots, return dozens of people home, & mdash; noted the president.

On April 7, Lukashenka announced that Belarus had carried out a “special operation to free its citizens” in Ukraine, BelTA informs. “It got to the point that these scoundrels began to capture our people there [in Ukraine], primarily drivers of cars who got there at that time,” — he declared. According to the president, 1,500 Belarusian wagons were arrested in Ukraine, “cars and up to a hundred children were seized. who drove these trucks. “I warned the Ukrainians that we would be forced to conduct a special operation to free these people. We carried out such a special operation and freed all our people, — Lukashenka said then.

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Musicals – Chess – Mountain Duet lyrics

Florence:
This is the one situation
I wanted most to avoid
Nothing I say will convince him
This isn’t a trick.

Anatoly:
A drink on clear moonlit night–
I relax, she smiles,
There’s something peculiar
Going on.

Florence:
So through no fault of my own
I’m stuck here to carry the can.
Embarrassed, uncertain, marooned.

Anatoly:
Now she can’t be working for them–
I mean us–
She seems to know what she’s doing,
But where is he?

Florence:
He has to turn up,
He wanted this meeting,
Didn’t he?

Anatoly:
Maybe he’s scared,
But he didn’t seem scared
In the game.

Florence:
Oh, I just couldn’t care less.
He can go right ahead,
Go and wreck his career,
I know I’ve done my best.

Anatoly:
Well, at least
She’s a good looking spy.

Florence:
What if my Russian friend
Thinks that my plans
Are more of an intimate kind?
If I don’t say something
And soon
He’ll go.
Maybe I’m on nobody’s side!

Anatoly:
Listen, I hate to break up the mood.
Get to the point,
Begin the beguine.
Haven’t you noticed
We are a protagonist short,
In this idyllic,
Well-produced scene?

Florence:
He couldn’t wait
To join you up here.
Maybe he walked–
Cable cars scare him.

Anatoly:
Never mind him,
I haven’t missed him so far.

Both:
Maybe it won’t do any harm
To struggle on without his charm.
Funny how all at one I feel
That he can go jump off the mountain–
I won’t care!

Florence:
This is the one situation
I wanted most to avoid.

Anatoly:
My dear opponent–
I really can’t imagine why.

Florence:
So I am not dangerous then?
What a shame.

Anatoly:
No, you’re not dangerous. Florence:
Who could think that of you? You–

Both:
You are so strange.
Why can’t you be
What you want to be?
You should be scheming,
Intriguing,
Too clever by half!

Anatoly:
I have to hand it to you
For you’ve managed
To make me forget
Why I ever agreed on this farce. Florence:
I don’t know why Know why

Both:
I can’t think of anything
I would rather do
Than be wasting my time
On mountains with you.

Frederick:
Who’d ever think it?
Such a very pretty setting.
Tell me what’s the betting,
Very pretty plotting, too.
No matter–
I’ve done all your work for you.

Florence: [Spoken]
Freddie.

Frederick:
Who’d ever guess it?
Daughter in collaboration
With the very nation
Gave her father third degree.
Where’s Daddy, dead,
Or in the KGB?

[Spoken]
While my second has been curling up with my
Opponent, I have agreed to new terms with
Global Television, which in short means more money–
For you as well, but that can’t be helped. Therefore,
This meeting is unnecessary. The match can continue
And we don’t have to be friends.

Tim Rice – Mountain Duet (Chess) lyrics

This is the one situation
I wanted most to avoid
Nothing I say will convince him
This isn’t a trick.

A drink on clear moonlit night
I relax, she smiles,
There’s something peculiar
Going on.

So through no fault of my own
I’m stuck here to carry the can.
Embarrassed, uncertain, marooned.

Now she can’t be working for them
I mean us
She seems to know what she’s doing,
But where is he?

He has to turn up,
He wanted this meeting,
Didn’t he?

Maybe he’s scared,
But he didn’t seem scared
In the game.

Oh, I just couldn’t care less.
He can go right ahead,
Go and wreck his career,
I know I’ve done my best.

Well, at least
She’s a good looking spy.

What if my Russian friend
Thinks that my plans
Are more of an intimate kind?
If I don’t say something
And soon
He’ll go.
Maybe I’m on nobody’s side!

Listen, I hate to break up the mood.
Get to the point,
Begin the beguine.
Haven’t you noticed
We are a protagonist short,
In this idyllic,
Well-produced scene?

He couldn’t wait
To join you up here.
Maybe he walked
Cable cars scare him.

Never mind him,
I haven’t missed him so far.

Maybe it won’t do any harm
To struggle on without his charm.
Funny how all at one I feel
That he can go jump off the mountain
I won’t care!

This is the one situation
I wanted most to avoid.

My dear opponent
I really can’t imagine why.

So I am not dangerous then?
What a shame.

No, you’re not dangerous.
Who could think that of you?
You

You are so strange.
Why can’t you be
What you want to be?
You should be scheming,
Intriguing,
Too clever by half!

I have to hand it to you
For you’ve managed
To make me forget
Why I ever agreed on this farce.
I don’t know why
Know why

I can’t think of anything
I would rather do
Than be wasting my time
On mountains with you.

Who’d ever think it?
Such a very pretty setting.
Tell me what’s the betting,
Very pretty plotting, too.
No matter
I’ve done all your work for you.

Freddie.

Who’d ever guess it?
Daughter in collaboration
With the very nation
Gave her father third degree.
Where’s Daddy, dead,
Or in the KGB?

While my second has been curling up with my
Opponent, I have agreed to new terms with
Global Television, which in short means more money
For you as well, but that can’t be helped. Therefore,
This meeting is unnecessary. The match can continue
And we don’t have to be friends.